Answer :

1. Ramsay Mac Donald organized the Round Table Conference in London.


It was a series of a conference between British and Indian to discuss the constitutional reforms in India. It was on the recommendation of Simon and Commission and Ramsay Macdonald, the British Prime Minister. It started from November 1930 to December 1932.


2. Khan Abdul Gafar Khan established the organization named Khuda-i-Khidmatgar.


It was a Pashtun nonviolent movement against the British. It was originally initiated as a social reform for the progress of education and removal of a blood feud. This was also called ‘Red Shirts’. However, it became more political as most of its members became targets of the British.


3. Mahatma Gandhi led the Dharasana Satyagraha.


It was a protest against the tax imposed by the British on the salt. This was started after the successful completion of Dandi March. This was a nonviolent raid on the Dharasana salt work in Gujarat. Many of them were beaten and were taken to jail. Yet, the movement continued under the leadership of Sarojini Naidu and Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad.


4. In the Second Round Table Conference, Sarojini Naidu participated as a representative of Indian National Congress.


The Gandhi Irwin pact had opened up a way for participation of Congress. Sarojini Naidu had attended it along with Mahatma Gandhi, Sir Syed Ali Kalam, Madan Mohan Malaviya and many others. It was held from September 1931 to December 1931.


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