Answer :

Malaria is a mosquito born disease caused by female anopheles mosquito.


Symptoms of Malaria:


1. Headache


2. Fever, chills, and sweating.


3. Muscular Fatigue and pain.


4. Spleen Enlargement


5. Nausea and Vomiting.


Life cycle of Malarial Parasite:



1. The female anopheles mosquito transmits the motile infective form called sporozite to a vertebrate host such as humans.


2. These Sporozites infect the liver where they asexually multiply and mature to form Schizonts.


3. These Schizonts rupture and release Merozoites.


4. Now, Merozoites enter RBC’s where they multiply asexually and infect the RBC leading to cycles of fever.


5. He ring stage trophozites mature into schizonts which release merozites or parsites.


6. Some parasites form gametophytes.


7. The gametophytes produced are ingested by the female anopheles mosquito when it bites the infected person.


8. The parasites then multiply in the gut of the mosquito known as sporogonic cycle.


9. Now, these microgametes enter macrogametes and form zygotes.


10. These zygotes now become motile and elongated called as sporozite.


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