Q. 23 4.2( 46 Votes )

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follow-

Source A-Religious Debates and the Fear of Print

Print created the possibility of the wide circulation of ideas and introduced a new world of debate and discussion. Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas. Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think 3 differently and move them to action. This had significance in different spheres of life.

Source B-The Reading Mania

The ideas of scientists and philosophers now became more accessible to the common people. Ancient and medieval scientific texts were compiled and published, and maps and scientific diagrams were widely printed. When scientists like Isaac Newton began to publish their discoveries, they could influence a much wider circle of scientifically-minded readers. The writings of thinkers such as Thomas Paine, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were also widely printed and read. Thus their ideas about science, reason, and rationality found their way into popular literature.

Source C --- Print Culture and the French Revolution

Print popularised the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers. Collectively, their writings provided a critical commentary on tradition, superstition, and despotism. They argued for the rule of reason rather than custom and demanded that everything is judged through the application of reason and rationality. They attacked the sacred authority of the Church and the despotic power of the state, thus eroding the legitimacy of a social order based on tradition. The writings of Voltaire and Rousseau were read widely; and those who read these books saw the world through new eyes, eyes that were questioning, critical and rational.

Source A-Religious Debates and the Fear of Print

23.1 Evaluate the effectiveness of Print in the transmission of ideas and cultures.

Source B-The Reading Mania

23.2 To what extent do you agree that scientific ideas were circulated through Print.? Give only one aspect.

Source C --- Print Culture and the French Revolution

23.3 To what extent did print culture create conditions for French Revolution ?. Cite anyone evidence to support your answer.

Answer :

23.1 Print had introduced a new world of ideas and cultures. The most prominent example is the 95 Theses by Martin Luther King. He criticized the practices and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church. A printed copy of the same was posted on the door of a church in Wittenberg. This was later reproduced and spread widely. It led to an addition of the church and began the Protestant reformation movement. 5000 copies were sold in 3 weeks and a second part of the Theses was printed after 3 months. Luther has said that printing is the ultimate gift of God.


23.2 The ideas of scientists and philosophers became known widely. Ancient and medieval scientific texts, maps and scientific diagrams were compiled and published for the general public. The writings of Rousseau, Voltaire and Paine were also widely printed.


23.3 Yes, the print culture had created conditions for French Revolutions in the following manner:


1. It popularized the idea of enlightenment thinkers.


2. It developed hostile sentiments against the French monarchy.


3. All the values and norms were reevaluated.


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Together With Social Science

Read the sources given below and answer the questions that follow-

Source A-Religious Debates and the Fear of Print


Print created the possibility of the wide circulation of ideas and introduced a new world of debate and discussion. Even those who disagreed with established authorities could now print and circulate their ideas. Through the printed message, they could persuade people to think 3 differently and move them to action. This had significance in different spheres of life.


Source B-The Reading Mania


The ideas of scientists and philosophers now became more accessible to the common people. Ancient and medieval scientific texts were compiled and published, and maps and scientific diagrams were widely printed. When scientists like Isaac Newton began to publish their discoveries, they could influence a much wider circle of scientifically-minded readers. The writings of thinkers such as Thomas Paine, Voltaire, and Jean Jacques Rousseau were also widely printed and read. Thus their ideas about science, reason, and rationality found their way into popular literature.


Source C --- Print Culture and the French Revolution


Print popularised the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers. Collectively, their writings provided a critical commentary on tradition, superstition, and despotism. They argued for the rule of reason rather than custom and demanded that everything is judged through the application of reason and rationality. They attacked the sacred authority of the Church and the despotic power of the state, thus eroding the legitimacy of a social order based on tradition. The writings of Voltaire and Rousseau were read widely; and those who read these books saw the world through new eyes, eyes that were questioning, critical and rational.


Source A-Religious Debates and the Fear of Print


23.1 Evaluate the effectiveness of Print in the transmission of ideas and cultures.


Source B-The Reading Mania


23.2 To what extent do you agree that scientific ideas were circulated through Print.? Give only one aspect.


Source C --- Print Culture and the French Revolution


23.3 To what extent did print culture create conditions for French Revolution ?. Cite anyone evidence to support your answer.


CBSE - Social Science