Q. 24.7( 3 Votes )

Read the snippets from the debates held in the Constituent Assembly. Identify the interest groups. Discuss what kind of interest groups exist in contemporary India. How do they function?

Answer :

With reference to the snippets given in Box 3.5 of the book in Lesson 3, the following conclusions can be drawn –


In contemporary India at the time of framing constitution the interest group that existed had following features –


a) People had faith in ideology interest in socialism and wanted to include right to work as fundamental right in the constitution.


b) They gave more importance to economic and social justice than the classification of political duties of government.


c) They favoured the division of power of government but with the objective that the government should remove the problems like hunger, discrimination on various bases, and bring social justice to every citizen so as to ensure social security.


d) They believed that the governing party should represent all the adults of the country.


There were some pressure groups who wanted to raise voice for following –


a) To abolish the Zamindari system


b) To raise voice in favour of tribal people of the country


c) To adopt some programs and policies under Directive Principles of State Policy


d) To promote and protect cottage industry


These interest groups worked in two ways as discussed below –


a) By influencing the legislative committee by presenting their views and demanding amendments as and when required


b) By helping the people at the time of natural calamity, which helped them to earn goodwill of people and they could influence the government also


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