Answer :

1.1 (a) When children learn to write by hand they not only learn to read more quickly but they also remain better able to generate ideas and retain information.

(b) When a person writes the brain reacts in a unique manner. The action of writing automatically triggers an activity in the brain. This activity recognizes what is the written word which makes learning easier.

(c) The researchers found that when children draw the letter freehand, they exhibit increased activity in areas of the brain that are activated in adults when they read and write. By contrast, children who typed or traced the letter showed no such effect thus the activation was significantly weaker from those who draw freehand.

(d) In competitions, children with better handwriting exhibit greater mental activity in areas associated with working memory, and increased overall activation in the reading and writing networks.

(e) When the children take notes by hand, they consistently produce more words more quickly than they do on a keyboard, and express more ideas. Also more studies have reported that in both laboratory settings and classrooms, students learn better when they take notes by hand than when they type on a keyboard. Latest research suggests that writing by hand allows the student to process a lecture’s contents and reframe it.

(f) According to Bloom, with handwriting, the very act of putting it down forces you to focus on what is important and it may helps you to think better. He believes that writing by hand provokes your mind to think more clearly and better thoughts and it makes the mind to focus on more important things.


(a) (i) conveys (cause one to think that something exists)

(b) (ii) exclusive (attention limited to only one source or thing)

(c) (ii) showed (give a practical explanation)

(d) (iii) advantages (favorable circumstances or conditions)

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