Q. 34.6( 5 Votes )

Read the passage

Answer :

(a) CLEANLINESS IS ESSENTIAL


1. IMP. OF KEEPING CITIES CLEAN


1.1 residents healthy


1.2 personal hygiene


1.3 nutrients


1.4 city's clean. Depends on how we keep our surround.


1.5 Dis. like chicken. & dengue r also dec.


2. STATUS OF WASTE DISPOSAL


2.1 waste disp. Getting attention


2.2 swach Bharat mission helping waste manag.


2.3 Scient. & safe disp. Of resid. Waste not getting attention.


3. WASTE MANAG. AND IT’S USES


3.1 getting sidetracked to waste for energy


3.2 mixing biodegradable waste with dry waste is not preferred.


3.3 This waste can be used to prod. Methane


3.4 This waste is useful in villages


3.5 It replaces cow – dung as a fertili.


3.6 City waste helps in incr. prod. Of villages.


4. BENEFITS OF CITY COMPOST


4.1 Water holding capacity increases


4.2 Makes soil drought proof and porous


4.3 Roots get stronger resistant to pests & decay


4.4 Crops have better flavor, color & shelf life


4.5 City comp. is weed free & has organic carbon


4.6 Farmers recog. Its value very well.


5. SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS


5.1 inst. Of clean. Biodegradable waste use compost in city soil.


5.2 this will make city soil more healthy


5.3 some states laying plastic roads, it withst. Monsoon.


5.4 solves the problem of disposing of plastic and city waste.


5.5 Thus mountains of waste can be recycled into a scarce land.


(b)



SUMMARY


Cleanliness of cities is very important as it leads to healthy residents stops spread of diseases and leads to personal hygiene. Waste disposal is getting attention due to swatch Bharat mission, but scientific and safe disposal is not getting attention. City waste is used to make compost this compost is useful for villagers as fertilizers it replaces cow-dung and increases productivity. City compost is drought resistant has the water holding capacity, is porous resistant to pests and decay and crops through this compost has good colour, weed free and has good quality. City compost can be used to produce crops in cities. Some states are using plastic to lay down roads; this helps in recycling plastic which constitutes a huge waste of cities thus leading to sustainability.


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