Answer :

(i) Chipko movement is being referred to here. The main aspect of this movement was the large scale participation of women.

(ii) The issues of ecological and economic exploitation were raised in this movement was:

1. The control of the local people over the nearby resources.

2. The government was to provide low-cost material to small industries.

3. The government should promote regionally balanced growth.

4. The landless workers in the forest must be given a guarantee of minimum wages.

(iii) The movement had 2 major achievements :

1. There was a ban implied on the cutting down of trees in the region for the next 15 years.

2. It becomes a symbol and encouraged many other similar movements.

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