Answer :

1. National security means the absence of any form of threat to the country and its civilians.


2. The traditional notion of security states that the greatest threat to the security of a country is a military war, attack on sovereignty and threat to the lives of the citizens.


3. The two methods to respond to the threat of war from another country are:


i. To have a backup of a strong military backup.


ii. To raise the cost of war so that opposition backs.


iii. To make a negotiation to come to a peaceful solution.


OR


a. The composition of the Security Council been said to have remained ‘static’ due to the rigid attitude of the five permanent members.


b. The static composition of the Security Council harmed its representative character in the following manner:


i. A large population of the world is still not represented.


ii. It does not give adequate representation to Africa, South America, and Asia.


iii. It is acted non-democratic on several occasions.


c. India’s view about the role of the developing countries


in the Security Council is explained below:


1. India wants its position to be a permanent member of the UN Council due to the following reasons:


2. India is the second-most populous country in the world. It has one-fifth of the entire population.


3. India is the largest democracy in the world.


4. India has participated in all the initiatives taken by the UN.


5. It has also played an active role in the UN’s peacemaking attempts.


6. India has positively contributed tot he world trade by adopting the policies of liberalization and globalization.


7. It has also made regular financial contributions to the UN and has never had any delayed payments.


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