Q. 2

Read the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.

Peer Pressure

1. Peer Pressure is a phenomenon wherein we tend to get influenced by the lifestyle and the ways of thinking of our peers. Peer pressures can prove beneficial but it is most often observed to have negative effects.

2. The thought, behaviour and taste in fashion, music, television and other walks of life of the massage are often seen to have a deep impact on society. We tend to get influenced by the lifestyle of our peer group. The changing ways of life of our peers often force us to change our ways of looking at life and leading it. It’s a human tendency to do what the crowd does. Few have the courage to resist the peer pressure and be their own selves rather than being one among the lot. Peer pressure is bound to affect most of us both positively and negatively. The distinction between positive and negative peer pressure lies in a thoughtful analysis of the views of the masses. Following your peers blindly leaves a negative impact on your life while an analytical approach of looking at peer behaviour can help you act positively. Peer pressure is not always can bad. It can help you analyse yourself and contemplate on your ways of life. Some of the practise that the masses follow may actually teach you the way of living. You may be able to change yourself for the better. Looking at what other do, can help you bring about a positive change in your way of thinking. If you can pick selectively, peer pressure can actually result in a positive change in your way of life.

3. Teenage is that phase of life when are exposed to the world outside. These are the tears when you spend most of your time with your time with your friends. Teenage is the phase of beginning to become independent in life; the years of forming your ideals and principles, the years that shape your personality and the years that introduce you to your own self. As adolescents you often spend most of your daily time with friend and owing to this, you tend to imitate your friends. The people around you are bound to influence you. However, the effect of the influences of the masses is greater during your teen years. Parents have a vital role to play during your teen year’s life. Parents and teachers need to be careful while dealing with teenagers, as they are most susceptible to succumb to peer pressure during these years of their life. Teenage individuals need to be taught to distinguish between the good and the bad, the right and the wrong and should be taught to be thoughtful in life.

4. A strong support from family, an ability to differentiate between the positive and the negative and a skill chose friend from among the peers- this three-pronged strategy is the best way to keep away from negative peer pressure.

2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words each.

(i) How can changing ways of life of our peers affect us?

(ii) What needs courage?

(iii) Name any two factors which can help you gain from peer pressure.

(iv) State any two characteristics of teenage.

(v) Why are teenagers more likely to be affected by peer pressure?

2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following black with appropriate words/phrases:

(i) A negative impact on life can be left by ____________.

(ii) A thoughtful analysis of views of masses will lead to ________________.

(iii) Selective picking can result in ____________.

2.3 Attempt any two of the following. Find out the words that mean the same as under:

(i) Affected (Para 1)

(ii) Difference (Para 2)

(iii) Give in to (Para 3)

Answer :

(i) The changing ways of our life affect us in many ways. We are often moved by the crowd. We are influenced by their lifestyle, and force us to change our outlook. It is basically a human tendency to go with the group. Thus, there are various ways by which peers affect our lifestyle.

(ii) Going with one’s own self needs courage. The ability to not get influenced by peers and being own self requires a lot of courage. It is a human tendency to get influenced to be it positive or negative. So, to go against this needs a lot of courage.


(iii) The two factors that can help you gain from peer pressure are:


• With the help of peer pressure, one can analyze oneself and contemplate one’s way of life


• With the help of peer pressure, one can look at what others doing and thereby bringing a positive change in life


(iv) The two characteristics of teenage are:


• It is that beautiful phase of life when one is exposed to the outside world and spends most of the time with friends.


• It is that phase when one tries to become independent by bringing one’s own ideas and principals. One can start shaping his/her personality and get introduced to one own self.


(v) Teenagers are more likely to be affected by peer pressure because it is that phase when one spends most of the time with their friends and are exposed to the outside world. They try to be most of the time with their friends and intimate them and thus are being influenced by the people around them.


2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following black with appropriate words/phrases:


(i) A negative impact on life can be left by blindly following the peers.


(ii) A thoughtful analysis of views of masses will lead to analyze the difference between the positive and negative influence of peer pressure.


(iii) Selective picking can result in changing the way of life positively.


2.3 Attempt any two of the following. Find out the words that mean the same as under:


(i) Affected (Para 1) influenced

Affected means influenced or touched by an external factor.

(ii) Difference (Para 2) distinction

It means a point or way in which people or things are dissimilar.

(iii) Give in to (Para 3) succumb

It means to fail to resist pressure, temptation, or some other negative force.

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PREVIOUSRead the passage given below and answer the questions that follow.1. With eager anticipation we awaited the next stage. A tailor was called in to measure us, five boys and one girl, Mary Lila Rao, for the sports kits. I was filled with happiness, just like a child who had been given a bag full of candy. After all, I would be fulfilling my dream to wear a blazer with INDIA written on it!!2. A week later, we left for Australia. The night before we left I could not sleep. My small suitcase had been packed with my kit and bedding and I waited for the sun to rise. Excited by the prospect of what lay ahead, we boarded the train to Bombay, the first lap of our long journey across the seas to far-off Australia. When we reached Bombay’s Churchgate station, we were taken by bus to the Astoria Hotel. It was the first time that I had seen such a grand place, and I could barely believe my eyes. What was I, a simple Village boy doing in such a different world? While we were at the Astoria, Commander Rekhi, our manager, showed us how to knot a tie and gave us lessons on table manners.3. When we reached Santa Cruz, the entire atmosphere at the terminal seemed unreal- its bright light, the strange sounds, the rush of people. Except for Mary Lila Rao, none of us had flown before. I was scared and confused. I had no bedding and no food. Where would I sleep? What would I eat? How would the plane take off with so many people, their luggage and other cargo? Would it crash under so much weight? I followed my companions towards the huge monster that awaited us, and blindly climbed up the ramp into the cabin. I was asked to fasten my seatbelt, but naturally I did not know what to do and was fumbling with the strape when the air-hostess kindly helped me.4. When the plane started to taxi along the runway, I closed my eyes and prayed to my God. I had butterflies in my stomach as the plane ascended. And then we were airborne. When I looked out of the window I saw smoke pouring out of the engine, and raised an alarm, thinking that the plane was on fire. The air-hostess calmed me down, patiently explaining that it was only the fuel burning. I felt very foolish and laughed with relief.(Adapted from the Autobiography of Milkha Singh)1.1 Attempt any eight of the following question on the basis of the passage you have read.(i) Why couldn’t Milkha Singh sleep a night before they left?(ii) How many people had flown earlier?(iii) What made the atmosphere of Santa Cruz seem unreal?(iv) Give any two reasons responsible for Milkha’s worry or confusion?(v) According to him what was a huge monster?(vi) Why was he fascinated by the hotel?(vii) Why did the air-hostess need to help him?(viii) Why did he pray to his God?NEXTWrite a letter in 100-120 words, to the Editor of The Hindu, Chennai discussing in detail the advantage of ban on crackers. You are Anu/Anuj, 112, Lawrence Road, Kochi.ORWrite an article in 100-120 words on the topic, ‘Increasing Population in the Cities’. You are Ram/Rama. You may us the following clues: migration from village – more jobs – better educational facilities – effect on living condition – overcrowding -slums – water and power supply – traffic jams.
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RELATED QUESTIONS :

Read the passage given below.

 (1) It is an indisputable fact that the world has gone too far with the innovation of new technologies such as mobile phones, the internet and so on, due to which people are able to tour the cosmos virtually sitting at one place using their smart devices or other technological gadgets. Though mobile internet access is oftentimes hurried and short, it can still provide common internet features like alerts, weather data, emails, search engines, instant messages, and game and music downloading.

 (2) Due to the easy access of smart phones, communication has been very effective and instant. People are able to convey their message all around the globe to their loved ones without spending hefty sums of money. Adults are always fond of such gadgets and they always welcome and adopt such new technology readily. Further, young people have been able to broaden their minds and improve their skills by doing research on the Internet. For instance, they use smart phones to look up any new word they come across. As we know that most of the universities have online teaching provision and smart phones assist the students to complete their assignments on time.

 (3) The mobile phone has been a lifesaver for a lot of people in case of an emergency. Likewise, use of smart phones can be of vital importance in preventing crimes in the society by providing information to the security forces in time. 

(4) Nonetheless, for the young the use of mobile phone can be like an addiction and they can misuse it. Young people are also prone to getting involved in undesirable activities on the Internet. This might have adverse effect on their academic performance. Therefore, young people should always be monitored and made aware of its bad outcomes.

 (5) Also a major contributor to its popularity is the availability of prepaid or pay as you go services from a phone shop or an online store.  This allows subscribers to load text or airtime credits to their handsets by the use of their credit cards, debit cards or by buying a prepaid card from the network they subscribe to. This plan also doesn’t commit a particular customer to a contract. If prepaid card is not that appealing to you, then you can opt to subscribe using the pay by month plan.


2.1 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following questions in 30-40 words each :


(i) How are smart phones helpful in communication ?


(ii) What are the benefits of mobile phones for the young generation ?


(iii) How can mobile phones be considered ‘lifesavers’ ?


(iv) Mention any two demerits of mobile phones.


(v) How is a prepaid card useful to mobile phone users ?


2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following :


(A) In para 1, synonym of ‘innovation’ is ________.


(i) production (ii) sincerity


(iii) invention (iv) prevention


(B) Mobile internet can provide access to :


(i) telegram (ii) emails


(iii) schools (iv) university


(C) Grown-ups should _________ the use of new technology by the young people.


(i) reject (ii) criticize


(iii) monitor (iv) accept


(D) Meaning of the word ‘adverse’ in para 4 is :


(i) positive (ii) negative


(iii) admirable (iv) unguided


(E) According to the passage, one can opt for __________ plan if prepaid plan doesn’t suit.


(i) yearly (ii) weekly


(iii) monthly (iv) daily

English (Lang. & Lit) - Board Papers

Read the passage given below:

Everybody wants to succeed in life. For some, success means achieving whatever they desire or dream. For many it is the name, fame and social position. Whatever be the meaning of success, it is success which makes a man popular.


All great men have been successful. They are remembered for their great achievements. But it is certain that success comes to those who are sincere, hardworking, loyal and committed to their goals.


Success has been man’s greatest motivation. It is very important for all. Success has a great effect on life. It brings pleasure and pride. It gives a sense of fulfilment. It means all-around development. Everybody hopes to be successful in life. But success smiles on those who have a proper approach, planning, vision and stamina. A proper and timely application of all these things is bound to bear fruit. One cannot be successful without cultivating these certain basic things in life. It is very difficult to set out on a journey without knowing one’s goals and purposes. Clarity of the objective is a must to succeed in life. A focused approach with proper planning is certain to bring success. Indecision and insincerity are big obstacles on the path to success.


One should have the capability, capacity and resources to turn one’s dreams into reality. Mere desire cannot bring you success. The desire should be weighed against factors like capability and resources. This is the basic requirement of success. The next important thing is the eagerness, seriousness and the urge to be successful. It is the driving force which decides the success. It is the first step on the ladder of success.


One needs to pursue one’s goals with all one’s sincerity and passion. One should always be in high spirit. Lack of such spirit leads to an inferiority complex which is a big obstruction on the path to success. Time is also a deciding factor. Only the punctual and committed have succeeded in life. Lives of great men are examples of this. They had all these qualities in plenty which helped them rise to the peak of success.


Hard labour is one of the basic requirements of success. There is no substitute for hard labour. It alone can take one to the peak of success. Every success has a ratio of five percent inspiration and ninety-five percent perspiration. It is the patience, persistence and perseverance which play a decisive role in achieving success. Failures are the pillars of success as they are our stepping-stones and we must get up and start again and be motivated.


2.1. On the basis of your reading of the passage, answer any four of the following


questions in 30-40 words each :


(a) To whom does success come certainly ?


(b) What are the basic things in life we need to achieve success ?


(c) What did great men have in plenty to rise to the peak of success ? Give any two examples.


(d) What is the one basic requirement of success ?


(e) Explain : “Failures are pillars of success.”


2.2 On the basis of your reading of the passage, fill in any two of the following blanks with appropriate words/phrase :


(a) _________ plays a decisive role in achieving success.


(b) Goals have to be pursued with _________ and _________.


(c) Ratio of success is _________ inspiration.


2.3 Find out the words from the passage that mean the same as the following : (any two)


(a) endurance (para 2)


(b) obstruction (para 4)


(c) motivation (para 5)

English (Comm) - Board Papers

Read the passage given below :

Globalization


Globalization is the way to open businesses, improve technological growth, economy, etc, at the international level for all countries. It is the way in which manufacturers and producers of the products or goods sell their products globally without any restriction. It provides huge profits to the businessmen as they get low cost labour in poor countries easily. It provides a big opportunity to the companies to deal with the worldwide market.


Globalization helps to consider the whole world as a single market. Traders are extending their areas of business by treating the world as a global village. Earlier till the 1990s, there was a restriction on importing certain products which were already manufactured in India like agricultural products, engineering goods, food items and toiletries. However, during the 1990s there was a pressure from the rich countries on the poor and developing countries to allow them to spread their businesses by opening their markets. In India the globalization and liberalization process was started in 1991.


After many years, globalization brought about a major revolution in the Indian market when multinational brands came to India and started delivering a wide range of quality products at cheap prices. Prices of good quality products came down because of the cutthroat competition in the market.


Globalization and liberalization of the businesses in India have flooded the market with quality foreign products but has affected the local Indian industries adversely to a great extent resulting in the job loss to poor and uneducated workers. Globalization


has been a bonanza for the consumers, however, a loss to the small-scale Indian producers. Globalization has had some very positive effects on the Indian consumer in all sectors of society. It has affected the Indian students and education sector to a great extent by making study books and a lot of information available over the internet. Collaboration of foreign universities with the Indian universities has brought about a huge change in the field of education.


Globalization of trade in the agricultural sector has brought varieties of quality seeds which have disease resistance property. However, it is not good for the poor Indian farmers because the seeds and agricultural technologies are costly. It has brought about a huge revolution in the employment sector by the spread of businesses like cottage, handloom, carpet, artisan carving, ceramic, jewellery, and glassware etc.


Attempt any eight of the following questions:


(a) What is globalization ?


(b) Write any two advantages of globalization.


(c) What was the pressure from the rich countries in the 1990’s ?


(d) What is the effect of multinational brands entering the Indian market ?


(e) How are the prices of quality products affected due to globalization ?


(f) How have the foreign products affected the local industry adversely ?


(g) What has been the impact of globalization on the Indian students ?


(h) Why has globalization had a negative effect on the poor Indian farmer ?


(i) How has the cottage industry benefited from globalization ?

English (Comm) - Board Papers

Read the passage carefully:

1. One would imagine that at the very sight of the panther, deer, antelopes, and its other preys would just run for their lives. Nothing of the sort. They all stand their ground and make such a loud noise that the panther is left with no other choice except to leave quietly. I have seen a tiny chital baby standing in the middle of an opening in the forest, stamping its feet on the ground and shooing away a tiger. With the white of its erect tail showing, it kept us its shrill call until the tiger made itself scarce. No tiger in its senses would attempt to catch such an impertinent brat, just as you would not dream of catching an offending crow cawing away in your verandah.


2. While the panther sticks to cover and hugs the edge of the forest, the game animals, on the other hand, like to assemble right out in open vast grazing grounds. Open spaces which the panther carefully avoids, are what the game animals deliberately seek.


3. It is difficult to describe the pandemonium kicked up by various animals when they spot or suspect a panther around. The chital strikes a shrill note, the kakar emits a deafening bark and the sambar rings a bell. The peacock on its perch, the jungle fowl on the ground, and the moneky on treetops, all join in the chorus of condemnation of the panther. They curse the panther in their own inimitable language. The resulting confusion of sounds is so irritating to the sharp ears of the panther that it is left with no other option except to go away.


4. The panther has thus to deal with its ever alert and watchful associates who show no mercy and expect none. It is a fight between finesse and flight, between clever attack and skillful defense.


5. Contrary to the common belief, the panther never springs upon its prey. It stalks as close to its victim as it can manage, and then makes the final dash by rushing at it at a lightning speed.


2.1 Answer the following questions:


A. What strategy do animals like deer, antelopes, etc adopt to drive away the panther?


B. How do the panther and the game animals (deer, antelopes, etc) react to open spaces?


C. What effect does the loud noise made by birds and animals have on the panther?


D. How does the panther kill its prey?


2.2 Find the meanings of the words given below with the help of the options that follow:


A. shrill (Para 1)


(i) rude


(ii) high


(iii) offensive


(iv) terrible


B. deliberately (Para 2)


(i) immediately


(ii) cleverly


(iii) intentionally


(iv) naughtily


C. condemnation (Para 3)


(i) disapproval


(ii) dismissal


(iii) revenge


(iv) annoyance


D. associates (Para 4)


(i) rivals


(ii) neighbors


(iii) superiors


(iv) partners


English (Comm) - Board Papers

Read the passage carefully:

I was born in the small but beautiful mountain village of Nakuri near Uttarkashi in Garhwal, with the gurgling, playful Bhagirathi river flowing nearby. My parents were a hard-working and extremely self-contained couple. Even though our family was poor, barely managing the essentials, my father taught us how to live and maintain dignity and self-respect – the most treasured family value till today. At the same time my parents also practiced the creed, “Kindness is the essence of all religion.” They were large-hearted, inviting village folk passing by to have tea at our home, and gave grain to the sadhus and pandits who came to the house. This characteristic has been ingrained in me so deeply that I am able to reach out to others and make a difference in their lives – whether it is in my home, in society or at the workplace.


I was the third child in the family – girl, boy, girl, girl and boy in that other – and quite a rebel. I developed a tendency to ask questions and was not satisfied with the customary way of life for a girl-child. When I found my elder brother, Bachchan, encouraging our youngest brother, Raju to take up mountaineering I thought, why not me? I found that my brother were always getting preferential treatment and all opportunities and options were open to them. This made me even more determined to not only do what the boys were doing, but to do it better.


The general thinking of mountain people was that mountaineering as a sport was not for them. They considered themselves to be born mountaineers as they had to go up and down mountain slopes for their daily livelihood and even for routine work. On the other hand, as a student, I would look curiously at foreign backpackers passing by my village and wonder where they were going. I would even invite them to my house and talk to them to learn more about their travels. The full significance of this came to me later when I started working. The foreigners took the trouble to come all the way to the Himalayas in order to educate themselves on social, cultural and scientific aspects of mountaineering, as well as to seek peace in nature’s gigantic scheme of things.


Answer the following questions:


A. What does the author tell us about the financial condition of her parents?


B. What is the most treasured value of the author’s family?


C. Give an example to show that the author’s parents were very hospitable.


D. What kind of girl was the author?


E. How do you know that the author’s parents discriminated between sons and daughters?


F. Why do the mountain people consider themselves to be born mountaineers?


G. Why would the author invite foreign mountaineers to her house?


H. Why were foreigners drawn to the Himalayas?


English (Comm) - Board Papers