Q. 24.3( 8 Votes )

Read the passa

Answer :

2.1. i. There are various attributes of human beings that make them differentiate from robots. Human beings have feelings and emotions and at the same time, they can dream. Apart from the difficult circumstances and limitations, we human beings possess the tendency to grow. Human beings flourish and try to make their dreams come true for a smooth going life.


ii. Grit means courage and resolves i.e. strength of character. In this context, it is being used to describe human nature. What human beings do irrespective of their continuous failure? Do they sit down and accept the defeat? Or do they stand up again and possess the tendency to accept the challenges of life and keep moving? So, the tendency of human being to keep going is being perceived as grit.


iii. Failing cause physical and mental pain also causes embarrassment and is one of the frightening experiences of human life. But at the same time, it makes an individual stronger and more confident. Failure is an important part of success and it is must for a successful and fulfilling life. Thus, ‘failing’ is an educational and empowering part as it is the key to personal success and for the betterment of society.


iv. Grit can be developed only when one is conscious or aware of something. The technique mentioned in the passage is ‘mindfulness’ in which an individual focus on one’s awareness on the present by accepting one’s feelings and thoughts. This is used generally to lower down the fears and doubts in the minds of an individual. It is basically done to prevent self-damage, raise hope and achieve success.


v. Mindfulness helps an individual in many respects. It helps human beings to stay calm in every situation. It creates self-awareness by minimizing the doubts and fears in the minds of human beings. With the continuous practice of mindfulness, one can stop any interference in long-standing goals. It can raise hope by minimizing anguish and annoyance. Thus, mindfulness helps a lot in overcoming negativity.


2.2


i. Ans. c


The given passage talks about the seven qualities to success i.e. grit, curiosity, gratitude, optimism, self-control, social intelligence, and zest. So, Thomas Edison is being referred in the passage as a model for perseverance for trying 1000 plus times to invent the light bulb.


ii. Ans. c


It has been clearly mentioned in the passage that, failure is one of the painful, humiliating and terrifying experiences of human life but at the same time it is necessary for a successful and fulfilling life.


iii. Ans. c


‘Persevere’ means continue in a course of action even in the face of difficulty or with little or no indication of success. In paragraph 2, ‘Persevere’ means continue. The paragraph talks about that one should overcome all defeat and must have the tendency to keep going in all the difficult situations. ‘Flourishing’ means developing rapidly and successfully; thriving


iv. Ans. c


In paragraph 3, the synonym of distressing is ‘agonizing’. It means causing great physical or mental pain. ’Embarrassing’ means causing embarrassment, ‘scariest’ means frightening; causing fear, ‘failing’ means a weakness, especially in a person's character; a shortcoming.


v. Ans. d


Mindfulness helps in preventing individuals from going down the lines of despair. The passage talks about grit that helps an individual to become more successful in life with the help of a technique called mindfulness. It helps human beings in bringing self-awareness by overcoming fears and doubts.


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