Answer :

(a) (i) heavy rains kill plants. This is not the correct answer and is irrelevant to the context of the question and passage.


(ii) flowers grow in the rainy season. Flowers don’t grow in the rainy season, and this is not the correct answer as it is not mentioned anywhere in the passage.


(iii) it is believed that the plants bring the rain. Yes, this is the correct answer as it is mentioned in the passage it gives the reason to the belief which is taken forward by the farmers that plants bring rain.


(iv) flowers grow all the year round. This is not mentioned in the passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(b) The rain is like a calendar for farmers because


(i) it tells them when to sow and when to harvest. Though technically true that it tells them when to do the harvesting and sowing, but the passage mentions that rains are like calendars as they tell many different things. Thus it is not the answer.


(ii) it tells them the birthdays of their children. This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(iii) each month has time for plantation. Though technically true, This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(iv) different kinds of rain tell different things. Yes, this is the correct answer as it is mentioned in the passage that the rains tell different things to the farmer thus it is called a calendar of the farmers.


(c) People who live in cities don’t like rain because


(i) it brings mud and sickness with it. Yes, this is the correct answer as mentioned in the passage, rains lead to sickness and stuffy and muddy environment.


(ii) they are not bothered by the farmers. This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(iii) they don’t like the plants that grow during the rain. This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(iv) going shopping becomes difficult. This is not the answer as none of the things are stopped by the rains also all everyday life chorus goes on. This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(d) People pray to ask the rain to retreat because


(i) the fungus and mould need to dry. This is not the answer as it is obvious if the rain will retreat due to sun’s heat mould and fungus will dry, this is not mentioned in the passage.


(ii) children don’t get a chance to play. Though technically true this does not become the reason to stop the rains by praying.


(iii) the crops need the sun and heat to ripen. This is the correct answer as the rain goes crops will ripen and get heat because of the sun as mentioned in the passage.


(iv) they like to pray. This is not mentioned in the passage and is completely irrelevant to the context of this passage. Thus it is not the correct answer.


(e) The elders want us to understand rains in Naga hills; this is because rains in these hills are very frequent. One needs to understand these rains so that we don’t complain about these rains; these rains tell us different things. The farmer gets a lot of help due to these rains.


(f) The Durga puja to the farmers of Naga hills means the end of rain. After this month of October and Durga Puja, the local residents expect few winter showers and little spring showers in the summer months of March and April.


(g) Sezuo refers to the kind of rain which is week-long and unstoppable. In this season clothes don’t get dried easily, and there is fungus and moulds formation on the floor. The clouds cover the whole sky, so the celestial bodies are not visible.


(h) Agriculture is the occupation of more than half of the population of the Naga hills. Festivities and other activities centre around the agriculture all around the year.


(i) The heart of a farmer appreciates for rains and loves it, waits for it all year round. But the city people hate it because it brings rain and congestion, mud and potholes. All the activities are stopped due to the rains.


(j) Prayers are done to protect the fields from different storms in this rainy season, and for the return journey of the rains. The grains in this season need sun and air to ripen thus the rain cycle is completed, and it reaches its end till then the only few weeks are left for the harvest, and the soil becomes hard and free from excess moisture. Thus this rain becomes a memory that the farmers of Naga hills remember till the time it starts again.


(k) (i) blossoming


(ii) incessant.


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