Q. 24.9( 7 Votes )

Read the passage below.

1. During our growing up years we as children were taught __ both at home and school __ to worship the photos and idols of the Gods of our respective religions. When we grew a little older, we were to read holy books like the Bhagwad Gita, Bible and Quran; we were told that there are a lot of life lessons to be learnt from these holy books. We were then introduced to stories from our mythologies which taught us about ethics and morality __ what is good and what is bad. I also learnt to be respectful towards my parents who made my life comfortable with their hard work and love and care, and my teachers who guided me to become a good student and a responsible citizen.

2. Much later in life, I realised that though we learn much from our respective holy books, there is a lot to learn from our surroundings. This realisation dawned upon me when I learnt to enquire and explore. Everything around us __ the sun, the moon, the stars, rain, rivers, stones, rocks, birds, plants and animals __ teach us many valuable life lessons.

3. No wonder that besides the scriptures, in many cultures nature is also worshipped. The message that we get is to save our environment and maintain ecological balance. People are taught to live in harmony with nature and recognise that there is God in all aspects of nature.

4. Nature is a great teacher. A river never stops flowing. If it finds an obstacle in its way in the form of a heavy rock, the river water fights to remove it from its path or finds an alternative path to move ahead. This teaches us to be progressive in life, and keep the fighting spirit alive.

5. Snakes are worshipped as they eat insects in the field that can hurt our crops, thus protecting the grains for us. In fact, whatever we worship is our helper and makes our lives easy for us. There are many such examples in nature, but we are not ready to learn a lesson. Overcome with greed, we are destroying nature. As a result, we face natural disasters like droughts, floods and landslides. We don’t know that nature is angry with us.

6. However, it is never too late to learn. If we learn to respect nature, the quality of our life will improve.

2.1 Answer briefly the following questions :

A. What are we taught in our childhood and growing up years ?

B. Why should we respect our parents and teachers ?

C. What message do we get when we worship nature ?

D. How does a river face an obstacle that comes in its way ?

2.2 Give the meanings of the words given below, as used in the passage, with the help of the options that follow :

(e) guided (Para 1)

(i) answered

(ii) advised

(iii) fought

(iv) polished

(f) explore (Para 2)

(i) search

(ii) frequent

(iii) describe

(iv) request

(g) valuable (Para 2)

(i) proper

(ii) desirable

(iii) available

(iv) useful

(h) harmony (Para 3)

(i) beauty

(ii) friendship

(iii) discomfort

(iv) honesty

Answer :

A. In our childhood and growing up years, we were taught to pray to and worship the pictures and idols of the Gods of our own religions. A few years later, we were taught to read books like Bhagwad Gita, Bible and Quran, as there were lots of valuable lessons to be learnt from them.

B. We should respect our parents because they made our life comfortable with all their hard efforts and we should also respect our teachers because they helped us grow as better students and responsible citizens through their constant guidance.

C. The message that we get from nature is to save the environment and maintain ecological balance. We are taught to live in harmony with nature and recognise God's presence in our natural surroundings.

D. When an obstacle such as a heavy boulder or fallen trees block the flow of a river, it will never stop flowing. It will just fight to remove the obstacle or flow in a different path to move on. Thus, it teaches us to be aggressive and brave while facing obstacles in our life by keeping our fighting spirit alive.

(e) (ii) advised

(f) (i) search

(g) (iv)useful

(h) (ii) friendship

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Read the passage given below and complete the statements that follow choosing the most appropriate options from those given below.

Cheraw is the most colourful Mizo dance. Bamboos are used in this dance. Hence the dancer moves by stepping alternatively in and out from between and across a pair of horizontal bamboos, held against the ground by people sitting face to face at either side. They tap the bamboos open and close in rhythmic beats. Two bases support the bamboos, placed horizontally one at each end. The bamboos, when clapped, produce a shaip sound, which forms the rhythm of the dance. It indicates the timing of the dance as well. The dancers step in and out to the beats of the bamboos with ease and grace. The patterns and stepping of the dance have many variations. Sometimes the stepping are made in imitation of the movements of birds, sometimes the swaying of trees and so on.

Little is known about the origin of Cheraw. It may be possible that the forefathers of the Mizos brought it with them when they left home in far east- Asia. Cheraw is performed on any occasion these days. But so goes the legend. It used to be performed in earlier times only to ensure a safe passage for a dead child to paradise. Cheraw is, therefore, a dance of sanctification and redemption performed with great care, precision and elegance.

(a) According to the passage, Cheraw is:

(i) a form of art

(ii) a festival of lights

(iii) a form of dance

(iv) a Mizo animal

(b) Cheraw is performed:

(i) to show respect to the state

(ii) for sanctification and redemption

(iii) to please the goddess of dance

(iv) to earn money

(c) The dancers in Cheraw dance to:

(i) the beats of bamboos

(ii) the beats of drums

(iii) the clappings of the sing-

(iv) the sound of a whistle

(d) The statement - …….. is correct:

(i) Four bases support the bamboos

(ii) Cheraw is a solo dance

(iii) Cheraw is a dull stepping pattern

(iv) The sound of bamboos forms the rhythm of the dance

(e) The word 'redemption' in the passage means:

(i) performed with great care

(ii) solution

(iii) deliverance from evil ways

(iv) Compensation

English (Lang. & Lit) - Board Papers