Answer :

(a) The imposition of emergency in 1977 and the crisis among the ruling party made the system in India look like a two-party system.


(b) The two parties that mainly existed were:


1. The Congress party.


2. Non-Congress party.


It is described as close to two-party system because this period saw the emergence of another party apart from Congress i.e. Janata Party and the end of dominance of a single party rule in India


(c) The main causes for the split in Congress the election of Presidential candidate in 1969. and in Janata Party the tensions among three main party leaders: Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Jagjivan Ram for the leadership in 1979 led to the split.


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