Q. 103.8( 74 Votes )

Read the following statements about a constitution. Give reason why each of these is true or not true.

(a) The authority of the rule of the constitution is the same as that of any other law.

(b) Constitution lay down how different organs of the government will be formed.

(c) Rights of citizens and limits on the power of the governments are laid down in the constitution.

(d) A constitution is about institutions, not about values.

Answer :

(a) The constitution is the supreme law of the land. Any other law needs to be viewed in the light of the provisions stated in the constitution. Therefore, it is safe to say that the authority of the rule of the constitution is greater than any other law.

(b) The above-given statement is correct as the constitution of our country clearly defines the role of three main organs that are the executive, legislative and judiciary. It also defines the way or path that how they should be formed and even has guidelines for their functioning.

(c) Constitution enlists all the rights that a citizen of India can claim. It had made sure to include provisions for ensuring that these rights are not violated by the government. The independence of the judiciary is the biggest and most important provision in this regard.

(d) A constitution is expected to lay down the guidelines for the formation and the most unbiased functioning of all the institutions including executive, legislature and judiciary. It sets some values in the society on which institutions work.

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