Answer :

Following are the situations in which different fundamental rights were used or violated: -

A. Overweight male cabin crew are allowed to get promotion in the national airlines but their women colleagues who gain weight are penalized. The right being violated in this situation the right to equality, specifically, right to equality of opportunity in employment. As in the Right to Equality it is mentioned that all the citizens are considered equal in all aspects of life. Nobody should be discriminated against on the basis of sex, caste creed and colour etc.

B. A director makes a documentary film that criticises the policies of the government. In this situation the right being used is the freedom of speech and expression. As the director makes a documentary in which he goes against the government by criticising the policies of the government freely.

C. People displaced by a big dam take out rally demanding rehabilitation. In our constitution the right to reside and settle in any part of India is given to the citizens in Right to Freedom People have to right to take out rally and assemble peacefully. But the government can to maintain law and order impose some restrictions on such rally if it creates violence or disturbance in the working of the government. In this case central and educational rights are being inviolate.

D. All linguistic minorities can set up their own educational institutions to preserve and develop their own culture. The right being used is the Cultural right to represent and protect one’s own language and culture. Thus, the Andhra Society has every right to run Telugu medium schools outside Andhra Pradesh.

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