(a) This extract is taken from the poem ‘Keeping Quiet’ written by Pablo Neruda.
(b) Earth teaches us the lesson of life under stillness. It shows that stillness doesn’t imply inactivity or death. Objects that seem to be dead or inactive later prove to be alive. People assume inactive things to be dead but just like the Earth is also rotating despite its stillness it proves that there is life in stillness. The poet wishes to observe a moment of silence that unites everyone and gives a minute of quiet self introspection.
(c) The poet feels that observing silence will allow one to take a while off from the monotonous schedule and by keeping quiet and counting up to twelve everyone will get to understand each other better. The quietness will help us understand the significance of peace and tranquillity better in this age of futile activities. Thus, they will help us in introspection and self-analysis.
(d) One of the best examples of things that now seem to be dead but later becomes alive comes from nature. Like the eggs laid by the bird are still until they get the required warmth and a little bird pops out of it. Another example can be of a seed which when sown in the soil seems to be still but during the spring season it grows out with beautiful leaves and flowers.
(a) This extract is taken from the poem ‘A Thing of Beauty’ written by John Keats.
(b) The beauty helps us when we are burdened with grief. Beauty has the power to give us joy and lift our spirits. A thing of beauty removes all sad thoughts. It gives our mind a soothing effect. The Earth would be full of gloom and sadness, without a thing of beauty. It removes the pall of sadness and darkness from our mind and soul. It is timeless and it never fades away.
(c) A thing of beauty is timeless. Its beauty never fades away and increases more with time. According to the poet such things of beauty include: the sun, moon, vegetations, animals like sheep, flowers like daffodil, water in the river, forest fern and the musk rose. These things give us an everlasting joy.
(d) A ‘bower’ refers to a shady place usually under the trees. It helps us in life by giving fresh oxygen and taking away carbon dioxide keeping us healthy. It also gives us shade in harsh weather be it scorching heat or heavy rains. It creates a peaceful environment and many people prefer to lie down under bowers to re-energise and rejuvenate themselves.
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