Given: XY is a tangent at point P to the circle join OQ.
To prove: OP ⊥ XY
Construction: Take a point Q on XY other than P and join OQ
Proof: If point Q lies inside the circle, then XY will become a secant and not a tangent to the circle
∴ OQ > OP
This happens with every point on the line XY except the point P.
OP is the shortest of all the distances of the point O to the points of XY
∴ OP ⊥ XY …(Shortest side is the perpendicular)
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