# In Fig. 10.61, BDC is a tangent to the given circle at point D such that BD = 30 cm and CD = 7 cm. The other tangents BE and CF are drawn respectively from B and C to the circle and meet when produced at A making BAC a right angle triangle. Calculate (i) AF (ii) radius of the circle. Given: BD = 30 cm and CD = 7 cm

To find: (i) AF

Theorem Used:

1.) The length of two tangents drawn from an external point are equal.

2.) Pythagoras theorem:

In a right-angled triangle, the squares of the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides.

Explanation: i) AB, BC and AC are tangents to the circle at E, D and F.
BD = 30 cm and DC = 7 cm and
BAC = 90°
From the theorem stated,
BE = BD = 30 cm
Also FC = DC = 7 cm
Let AE = AF = x …. (1)
Then AB = BE + AE = (30 + x)
AC = AF + FC = (7 + x)
BC = BD + DC = 30 + 7 = 37 cm
Consider right Δ ABC, by Pythagoras theorem we have
BC2 = AB2 + AC2
(37)2 = (30 + x)2 + (7 + x)2
1369 = 900 + 60x + x2 + 49 + 14x + x2
2x2 + 74x + 949 – 1369 = 0
2x2+ 74x – 420 = 0
x2 + 37x – 210 = 0
x2 + 42x – 5x – 210 = 0
x (x + 42) – 5 (x + 42) = 0
(x – 5) (x + 42) = 0
(x – 5) = 0 or (x + 42) = 0
x = 5 or x = – 42
x = 5 [Since x cannot be negative]
AF = 5 cm [From (1)]
Therefore AB =30 +x = 30 + 5 = 35 cm

ii)AC = 7 + x = 7 + 5 = 12 cm
Let ‘O’ be the centre of the circle and ‘r’ the radius of the circle.
Join point O, F; points O, D and points O, E.
From the figure,
~

1/2 × AC × AB = (1/2 × AB × OE) + (1/2 × BC × OD) + ( 1/2 × AC × OC)

AC × AB = AB × OE + BC × OD + AC × OC

12 × 35 = 35 × r + 37 × r + 12 × r

420 = 84 r

r = 5
Thus the radius of the circle is 5 cm.

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