Q. 165.0( 1 Vote )

Explain any five

Answer :

Hugli industrial region is located along the Hugli River; this region extends from Bansberia in the north to Birlanagar in the south for a distance of about 100 km. The industrial belt has 8,746 registered large factories (1989) besides 33,749 registered small factories (1990). Of the total 20 lakh industrial workers 12.7 lakh are engaged in transport and tertiary services, 2.4 lakh in jute industry, and 2.2 lakh in engineering and cotton textile industries.

Factors responsible for the development of the region

• Location

The location of the industrial belt is along the Hugli river, this region extends from Bansberia in the north to Birlanagar in the south for a distance of about 100 km. Industries also have developed in Mednipur in the west. Kolkata-Haora from the nucleus of this industrial region.

• Transportation

Kolkata was connected with interior parts by railway lines and road routes. The area is highly connected with all forms of transportation. It has an inexpensive water transport network, reinforced by a good network of railways, roadways and waterways. This helps in the easy and cheap movement of raw material to the industries.

• Allied Sectors

Development of tea plantations in Assam and northern hills of West Bengal, the dispensation of indigo earlier and jute later coupled with the aperture of coalfields of the Damodar Valley and iron ore deposits of the Chotanagpur plateau, contributed to the industrial development of the region. Location of petroleum refinery at Haldia has facilitated the development of a variety of industries

• Labour

Cheap labour available from thickly populated part of Bihar, eastern Uttar Pradesh and Odisha also contributed to its development.

• Important industries

Important industrial centres of this region are Kolkata, Haora, Haldia, Serampur, Rishra, Shibpur, Naihati, Kakinara, Shamnagar, Titagarh, Sodepur, Budge Budge, Birlanagar, Bansberia, Belgurriah, Triveni, Hugli, Belur, etc

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