Answer :

We need to find the equation of the parabola whose focus is (0, - 3) and the vertex is (0, 0).

We know that the line passing through focus and vertex i.e., the axis is perpendicular to the directrix and vertex is the midpoint of focus and point that lies at the intersection of axis and directrix.

⇒ Slope of axis (m_{1}) =

⇒

⇒ m_{1} = - ∞

We know that the product of the perpendicular lines is applicable for non - vertical lines.

Here we got the axis to be parallel to the x - axis.

∴The slope of the directrix is equal to the slope of x - axis i.e., 0.

⇒ m_{2} = 0

Let us find the point on directrix.

⇒

⇒

⇒ x = 0 and y - 3 = 0

⇒ x = 0 and y = 3

The point on directrix is (0, 3).

We know that the equation of the lines passing through (x_{1}, y_{1}) and having slope m is y - y_{1} = m(x - x_{1})

⇒ y - 3 = 0(x - 0)

⇒ y - 3 = 0

Let us assume P(x, y) be any point on the parabola.

We know that the point on parabola is equidistant from focus and directrix.

We know that the distance between two points (x_{1}, y_{1}) and (x_{2}, y_{2}) is .

We know that the perpendicular distance from a point (x_{1}, y_{1}) to the line ax + by + c = 0 is .

⇒ SP = PM

⇒ SP^{2} = PM^{2}

⇒

⇒

⇒

⇒ x^{2} + 12y = 0

∴The equation of the parabola is x^{2} + 12y = 0.

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