Q. 4


Write an essay on Fundamental Rights and Duties with the help of your teacher, and discuss them.

Answer :

The Indian constitution is considered to be the most sought after constitution in the world. It is the lengthiest hand written constitution. The makers of the constitution have gone through the constitution of other countries and adopted the best of their feature, and hence devised the Indian constitution.

The features of our constitution like the Fundamental Rights is the Magna Carta of our constitution and is more elaborative than the US and Germany, from where this concept of Fundamental rights is taken.

The fundamental rights are the basic rights which can be enforced in a court of law like Freedom of Speech and Expression, Right to live with human dignity, Right to Equality, Right to Freedom of Religion etc are enshrined in Part three of the constitution. The six Fundamental Rights are called the six lamps of light; they are the beacon which constitution provides against any abuse of power by the government or government agency. None of the citizens could be deprived of these rights, they can move to the Supreme Court against any state or organisation if these rights are not granted to them. The six fundamental rights are:

1. Right to equality.

2. Right to freedom

3. Right against exploitation

4. Right to freedom of religion

5. Cultural and Educational rights

6. Right to constitutional remedies

In India people are quite aware of their Fundamental Rights. Along with Fundamental Rights it is important that the people also perform their Fundamental Duties. The Fundamental Duties of citizens were added to the Constitution by the 42nd Amendment in 1976.

Gandhiji uses to say that the Rights and Duties are interlinked and both are equally important. It is something we do for the nation and something the nation does for us.

The concept of Fundamental duties has been taken from the Soviet constitution. There are 10 fundamental duties including abide by the constitution, uphold and protect the sovereignty and dignity of the nation, defend the country, value and preserve rich heritage, develop the scientific temper, to provide opportunities to children for education etc.

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