Q. 3 B4.5( 19 Votes )

Answer in brief.

Prepare a list of advantageous and disadvantageous factors, affecting population distribution.

Answer :

Population distribution refers to the way in which people are spread over the earth's surface. 90% of the population live in 10% of land area in the world.


Disadvantageous factors


Climate


An extreme climate such very hot and very cold makes uncomfortable for the human habitation. Hilly regions make harsh climate for transportation and network facility which will make very difficult to make human habitation in such places.


Soil


People prefer the fertility of soil before the habitation. Fertile soils are significant for agricultural and associated activities. Therefore people will not prefer soil which is not fertile.


Water


Water is the most important factor in life. People have a preference over the places where there is fresh water availability. Then the regions like deserts and barren land will not be preferred by the habitats.


Advantageous factors


Urbanization


Urbanization makes a favourable condition for the people because of technological development in urban areas. This technological development will attract people to employment opportunities, better education, health care, etc.


Industrialization


Industrial belts offer job opportunities and magnetize large numbers of people. These comprise not just industrial unit workers but also transport operators, shopkeepers, bank employees, doctors, teachers, and other service providers.


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