Planning is the most challenging function. It encourages the managers to think creatively and out of the box to generate innovative ideas. They have to think about new methods to improve their work. However, The planning function is usually performed by top-level management. Middle-Level management has the responsibility of implementing it. The lower level management has to carry out the day to day operations. The middle level and lower level management is not allowed to participate in the planning process. They are also not allowed to deviate from the given course of action and act on their own. This leads to A reduction in creativity and innovation.
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