Answer :

The winning allies – Britain and France organised a peace conference in Paris in 1919. They wanted to discuss the post-war situation so the treaty was signed with the defeated nations. The most important treaty was the Versailles Treaty under which German colonies were distributed among the winning allies and they had taken control of the rich mines of Germany. Germans were compelled to give a huge amount as war indemnity. Moreover, Germany was made responsible for all war guilt and was disarmed. This left Germany and Italy without any colony or market. Germany and Italy planned to capture colonies and attack weak nations so that they could improve their political and economic condition. They decided to continue their policy of aggression so Italy and Germany formed an alliance with Japan called Axis Power. As opposed to this, Allied powers were formed by Britain, France and China. Later, the anti-fascist alliance was joined by the America and Soviet Union. Britain and France didn’t try to stop the attacks when Germany, Italy and Japan attacked other nations. The Soviet Union was considered to be their main enemy as it was a socialist country. The policy which supported these Fascist attacks came to be known as Policy of Appeasement. When Germany attacked Poland on 1st September 1939, it provoked allied nations to attack Germany which led to the Second World War.

Thus it is true that ''Paris Peace Conference which made Germany sole responsible for all the war, led to the outbreak of the Second World War.''


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