Q. 3 A3.7( 3 Votes )

Our metropolitan cities witness a large number of accidents every day. What do you think is the reason? What can be done to bring down the rate of accidents? Write a letter in 100-120 words to the editor of a national daily expressing your concerns and offering solutions to this problem. You are Arun/Aruna, 112 Model Town, Delhi.

Answer :

112, Model Town


24th February, 2018

The Hindustan Times

New Delhi

Subject: Concern over a large number of accidents in metropolitan cities every day.


Through the columns of your esteemed newspaper, I wish to express my concern over an increase in the number of accidents in metropolitan cities. There are a number of reasons for this incessant rise in the number of accidents. The main cause is an increase in adverse and erratic driving conditions. Poor infrastructure and excess of traffic conditions make the urban drivers impatient, reckless and rash. People neglect traffic rules and don’t even adhere to speed limits that ultimately leads to accidents. A considerable increase in the use of mobile phones and loud music while driving causes distraction for drivers. Drink and drive cases have also increased considerably in recent times.

To solve this problem the authorities need to take very stringent actions. I would suggest them impose very heavy fines on traffic rule defaulters. Underage drivers and drunken drivers should be dealt with most severely and their licenses should be impounded immediately. I suggest to increase the number of traffic policemen and check-posts. While issuing driving licenses, a comprehensive session on traffic rules and regulations should be made mandatory.

I hope you will publish my letter in your newspaper in order to spread awareness about this alarming issue among the readers and the concerned authorities.

Yours sincerely


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PREVIOUSRead the passage given below.Does a person become overconfident? The reason lies in over-assessment of his capabilities. Sometimes people over assess their competence and jump into situations that are beyond their control.Napoleon Bonaparte who became Emperor of France would say that the word ‘impossible’ was common only amongst fools. The overconfident Napoleon invaded Russia in the winter of 1812. This proved to be a big disaster.Overconfidence generally leads people into misadventures, endangering their chances in life. It is wisely said that any achievement is a result of two factors—one’s personal planning and support from the external world. People take into account only their planning, generally ignoring external factors. They become unable to foresee future developments. Hence, the great risk’ of failure.Then there is the question: how can one manage overconfidence? The formula is very simple. Before taking a decision discuss the matter with other informed people with an objective mind and when it is proved that you are about to go off the path, accept reality and say without delay, “I was wrong”.Overconfidence is a flaw characterizing people who lack the virtue of modesty. Modesty makes you a realist; you become a person who is cut down to size. People of this kind become very cautious; before taking an action they assess the whole situation. They adopt a realistic approach.Overconfident people live within their own thoughts. They know themselves but they are unaware of others. Living inside their own cell they are unable to make use of the experiences of others. This kind of habit is highly damaging to all concerned.There is a saying that the young man sees the rule and the old man sees the exception, with a slight change, I would like to say that the overconfident person sees the rule and the confident person sees the exception. Overconfident people are always at risk. It is said that taking risk is good but it must be well calculated otherwise it becomes very dangerous.Find meanings of the words given below with the help of the options that follow:(a) Misadventure (para 3)(i) Mishap (ii) Unlucky (iii) Unhappy (iv) Unpleasant(b) Endangering (para 3)(i) Reckless (ii) Imperil (iii) Risky (iv) Threatening(c) Assess (para 5)(i) Assemble (ii) Acquire(iii) Evaluate(iv)Accept(d) Objective (para 4)(i) Obedient (ii) Servile(iii) Honest (iv)ImpartialNEXTMany children feel tempted to break rules in school. They find pleasure in doing so. Write an article in 100-120 words discussing reasons for it. Suggest measures to make children respect rules. You are Arun/Aruna.
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Read the following passage carefully.


1. A couple of weeks ago, while detailing the many ways in which coping with the bleak economy can actually better our lives, I touched upon the romance of train travel and suggested that we would do well to introduce our children to its charms.

I have to confess that I was surprised by the kind of response this triggered from readers with stories to tell of their own rail adventures.

2. Browsing through them reminded me yet again why trains have such a special place in our lives. Well, perhaps not in the lives of a generation brought up on the dubious pleasure of cheap air travel.

3. I still vividly recall every detail of my first such excursion, taking a train from Sealdah station in Calcutta to visit my aunt’s tea garden in Assam. I settled down at my window seat and even before the train had pulled out, I was burrowing deep into the pleasures of Indian mythology.

4. But as the scene outside grew more rustic, even picturesque, my attention wandered to the marvellous moving display outside my window. There were gentle rolling fields, green and lush, more palm trees than I could count and endless expanse of bright blue sky.

5. Just then, a man entered my peripheral vision. Scythe in hand, he was intently cutting down some tall grass in the fields. “Oh look,” I cried out to my mother, “It’s a farmer, a real-life farmer!” A city- bred child, I hadn’t realized until then that farmers actually had an independent existence outside of my story books.

6. That wasn’t the only discovery I made in the course of that first train journey or the many others to follow. Gazing out of the train window as I travelled across the country, I was introduced to a new India that was far removed from the bland boundaries of my middle-class urban existence. And Mike to believe today that this made me more aware of the complexities of the society that we live in.

On the basis of your reading of the above passage answer the following questions:

(a) Readers’ response to her suggestions made the writer realize ……………..

(b) The pleasure/joys of travelling by train would not be appreciated by ……………..

(c) The writer was lured away from the pleasures of Indian mythology when ………………

(d) The two discoveries made during the train journey were ……………. (ii) ……………..

(e) Travelling by train, enhanced the writer’s awareness of ………………

(f) While travelling by train, the writer’s time was spent.................

English (Comm) - Board Papers

Read the passage carefully

One would imagine that at the very sight of the panther, deer, antelopes, and its other preys would just run for their lives. Nothing of the sort. They all stand their ground and make such a loud noise that the panther is left with no other choice except to leave quietly. I have seen a tiny chital baby standing in the middle of an opening in the forest, stamping its feet on the ground and shooing away a tiger. With the white of its erect tail showing, it kept us its shrill call until the tiger made itself scarce. No tiger in its senses would attempt to catch such an impertinent brat, just as you would not dream of catching an offending crow cawing away in your verandah.

While the panther sticks to cover and hugs the edge of the forest, the game animals, on the other hand, like to assemble right out in open vast grazing grounds. Open spaces which the panther carefully avoids, are what the game animals deliberately seek.

It is difficult to describe the pandemonium kicked up by various animals when they spot or suspect a panther around. The chital strikes a shrill note, the kakar emits a deafening bark and the sambar rings a bell. The peacock on its perch, the jungle fowl on the ground, and the moneky on treetops, all join in the chorus of condemnation of the panther. They curse the panther in their own inimitable language. The resulting confusion of sounds is so irritating to the sharp ears of the panther that it is left with no other option except to go away.

The panther has thus to deal with its ever alert and watchful associates who show no mercy and expect none. It is a fight between finesse and flight, between clever attack and skillful defence.

Contrary to the common belief, the panther never springs upon its prey. It stalks as close to its victim as it can manage, and then makes the final dash by rushing at it at a lightning speed.

Answer the following questions :

(a) What strategy do animals like deer, antelopes, etc adopt to drive away the panther?

(b) How do the panther and the game animals (deer, antelopes, etc) react to open spaces?

(c) What effect does the loud noise made by birds and animals have on the panther?

(d) How does the panther kill its prey?

English (Comm) - Board Papers