Answer :

‘Son of the soil’ also known as Bhumiputra movement is a concept under which the individual to have some kind of benefits, rights and responsibilities in his/her birthplace which the others may not have. In other words, the benefits should be provided to those who are the main linguistic group of the particular place, ie, local residents or ‘Son of the soil’. It means people who migrated or live in the city for a longer period of time will not have benefits given to the ‘Son of the soil’. For example – Tamilians want to get first preference in their state as compared to others or Marathis to have first preference in terms of opportunities in Maharashtra before others. The ‘Son of the soil’ movements in India insist on various issues which were:

• This movement to give preference to the minority ethnic group rather than migrants who came to the city but are from the same country.


• The minority ethnic group thinks that this is their homeland and it belongs to their ancestors so they consider it as their rights to acquire certain benefits against those who are not from this region.


• To provide opportunities to the “sons of the soil” in the field of jobs, educational quotas, government services, or natural resources.


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