Q. 19

On germination a seed first produces shoot with leaves, flowers appear later,

a. Why do you think this happens?

b. How is this advantageous to the plant?

Answer :

a) When a seed germinates, it first produces shoots with leaves. This means that the plant enters the vegetative growth phase. During this phase florigen is synthesized which is a flowering hormone. It induces flowering in plant.

b) It is advantageous to plants as the vegetative phase prepares the plants for the reproductive phase so that it can bear structures like fruits and seeds.


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