# Obtain the answers (a) to (b) in Exercise 13 if the circuit is connected to a high frequency supply (240 V, 10 kHz). Hence, explain the statement that at very high frequency, an inductor in a circuit nearly amounts to an open circuit. How does an inductor behave in a dc circuit after the steady state?

Given: Inductor = 0.5 Hz

Resistor R = 100 Ω

Voltage V = 240 V

Frequency v = 10 kHz

In Hz, the frequency v = 104 Hz

(a) Angular frequency is given by the following relation

ω = 2πv

ω = 2π × 104 rad/s

Peak voltage is given by the relation: V = √2 × V

On substituting the values

V = 240√2V

The maximum current is given by the relation: Substituting the values we get On calculating, we get

I0 = 1.1 × 10-2A

(b) tan Ф = ωL/R

tan Ф = on calculating, we get

or Ф = = 89.820

ωt = 89.82π/180

or On calculating, we get

t = 25 μs

Since I0 is very small, therefore at higher frequency the inductor is at open circuit.

In case of a dc circuit, when steady state is obtained i.e. ω = 0. Therefore, the inductor behaves like a conducting object.

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