Answer :

i. Figure A shows mutualism, this interaction confers benefits on both the interacting species. Figure A shows a pollinator (bee) on a flower.


ii. Figure D shows an association of predation, in this type of interaction only one species benefits. In this figure leopard is eating deer.


iii. Figure C shows egrets and grazing cattle. The association in this figure is commensalism, here one species is benefitted and the other is neither benefitted nor harmed.


iv. In figure B the insect is phytophagous that feed on sap of the flower. The insect is playing the role of a scavenger. Scavenger is an animal that feeds on dead organisms.


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