Answer :

In the given picture, solar energy is produced

i) Solar energy is a non-conventional source of energy. Non-conventional sources are those sources of energy which have been recently developed and are renewable sources of energy. They are also pollution free and eco-friendly.


ii)



Role of different components:


1. Solar incidence: it is not any physical component. Solar incidence means falling of the sun rays on the solar cell panel.


2. Solar panel: it consists of a large number of solar cells which convert solar energy into electrical energy.


3. Battery charge controller: it regulates the electric current coming from the solar panel and going to the battery system/battery.


4. DC load: The current from the battery is withdrawn as direct current.


iii) In the given picture, solar energy is transformed into electrical energy.


In the above picture, solar cell panel is doing the work of converting solar energy into electrical energy. As we can see that when the sun rays fall on the solar cell panel, solar energy is converted into electrical energy by solar cells and the generated current is then stored in a battery for later use.


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