Q. 105.0( 1 Vote )

‘‘Non-Cooperation

Answer :

The Non-Cooperation Movement unleashed a surge of popular action that was altogether unprecedented in colonial India. Mahatma Gandhi by combining the non-cooperation movement with the Khilafat, united two religious communities of India, Hindus and Muslims. He believed by doing this, colonial rule can be collectively brought to an end.

Many people all around the India took part in this movement on their own terms. Students stopped going to schools and colleges by the government. The working class went on a strike in many cities and towns. According to official data there were 396 strikes and about 6,00,000 people went on strikes. Many lawyers refused to attend courts. Tribal people in Andhra broke forest laws, people in Awadh refused to pay taxes and in Kumaun peasants refused to carry colonial officials loads. Every person in India was doing something or the other to resist the colonial rule by boycotting their goods and cloths or by refusing to conform with their authority.


In this way Non-cooperation movement acted as a force to put an end to the colonial rule.


OR


Mahatma Gandhi gained a huge popularity after the Champaran movement. After the end of Non-cooperation movement he focused more on social reforms issues.


During the 1927, he urged people to use chakra to make clothes. He believed that by doing this money wouldn’t be concentrated in hands of few but all and this will ensure the labour’s income.


In 1928 he entered into politics and many influential leaders like Shubhas Chandra Bose, Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel etc. Associated themselves with Gandhiji and inspired many people to join Congress.


In 1928 there was an all India campaign against the Simon Commission for which Gandhiji gave his blessing.


In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha protesting against the British for having a monopoly over the production of salt and making production of salt by any Indian even for domestic purposes, punishable by law.


So, in 1930 Gandhi organised Dandi March, where he marched to reach the beach for 3 weeks and then broke the law by making a fist of salt.


In January 1931, Gandhiji was released from the jail, and several meeting took place between him and the Viceroy. This resulted in the Irwin-Gandhi Pact according to which all civil disobedience movement would be called off.


In 1931 he also, opposed the demand for separate electorates for lower caste.


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