NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics

NCERT - Social and Political Life-III

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Social and Political Life designed by Goprep subject experts are provided here. These NCERT Solutions of Social Science Social and Political Life III here at Goprep aims at providing you the solutions to the NCERT Textbooks in a much simpler manner.

These NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social and Political Life III subject includes the detailed answers of all the questions provided in NCERT book. These NCERT Solutions are prescribed as per the latest CBSE (central board of secondary education) curriculum. You will find these answers extremely helpful for your exam preparations.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - All Chapters

Not only this, but NCERT Solutions at Goprep will also strengthen your concepts and help you to tackle twisted questions easily. These NCERT textbook solutions will help you with your exam preparations as well as daily homework routine. These solutions are easy to understand and are described in a manner to match the student’s understanding.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Political Science (Chapter-Wise Description)

Chapter 1: The Indian Constitution

In Chapter 1 of NCERT Civics Class 8, you will study the key features of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution is a type of document having certain fundamental rules, which need to be abided by the citizens of the country. The Indian Constitution provides equal distribution of rights to every individual concerning their religion, caste, gender, race etc. 

The second reason for having a Constitution is for saving the people from facing the majority discrimination. As every society is prone to the power of the majority, the rules of the Constitution ensures that minorities also served equally. 

Moreover, the chapter deals with the key features of the Indian Constitution, which are Federalism, Parliamentary form of Government, Separation of Powers, Fundamentals Rights, and Secularism.

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Why does a country need a Constitution?
  • The Indian Constitution: Key Features
  • Federalism
  • Parliamentary form of Government
  • Separation of Powers
  • Fundamentals Rights

Type of Questions: Solve short answer type questions and long answer type questions given at the end of the chapter.

Chapter 2: Understanding Secularism

Chapter 2 deals with the concepts of Secularism, which refers to the separation of religion from the state. This separation is essential for the country to function democratically. 

Also, it is important to separate religion from the state to protect the freedom of individuals. Through the separation, Indian people can have the freedom to interpret religions.

The Indian state needs to be secular as abided in the Constitution of India. Also, as per the laws of the country, Indian state must ensure that one religious society cannot dominate other. Also,  the members of any community cannot rule the members of other communities, and the State will not interfere in religious freedom and will not enforce any religious rules. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • What is Secularism?
  • Why is it important to separate Religion from the State?
  • What is Indian Secularism?

Type of Questions: Solve short and long answer type questions given at the end of the chapter. Refer to NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Social Science Civics Chapter 2 for answers to the questions. 

Chapter 3: Why do we Need a Parliament?

NCERT Social Science Class 8 Chapter 3 covers the role of Parliament, the participation of Indian citizens in decision making and controlling of Government amongst all. After the freedom of India, people needed a Government that consider their demands in decision making. Having people’s approval was the major point of democratic India. 

The Indian Parliament has power because it is the representative of the people. The topic of the role of Parliament also consists of important terms like Raj Sabha, Lok Sabha, MPs etc. Further, learn the activities that are performed in Parliament after the elections. The different activities includes selecting of the national government, guide the government and the making of laws. 

You will also learn that there are people from different backgrounds in Parliament. So, this concludes that India has a democratic form of government. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Why should people decide?
  • The Role of the Parliament
  • Who are the people in Parliament?

Type of Questions: Attempt short answer type questions and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 4: Understanding Laws

There are different laws in our country, which states the right age to get married, the right age to cast a vote, laws related to buying and selling of properties. So, moving ahead, this chapter deals with the making of laws that are formed by the Parliament. 

Moreover, every individual is equal before the law, which means that law cannot discriminate between persons on the grounds of caste, religion or gender. All people who violate the rules of the government will have the same specific punishment. 

Parliament has an important role in the formation of laws and also, being sensitive to the problems of people. Then, there are some laws under which people criticize as they feel the law is harmful and unfair.

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Do Laws apply to all?
  • How do new Laws come about?
  • Unpopular and Controversial Laws

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions, long answer type questions, and fill in the blanks. 

Chapter 5: Judiciary

Judiciary plays a crucial role in the functioning of Indian democracy. Further, the role and work of the judiciary can be divided into three sub-categories, which are Judicial Review, Dispute Resolution and Upholding Law & Enforcing Fundamental Rights. 

The next topic to consider is the Independent Judiciary in which the Indian Constitution protects the citizens of the country by making independent judiciary. You will learn the different levels of courts in our country. Starting with District court, then high court and finally the Supreme court. 

Moreover, Chapter 5 of NCERT Civics Class 8 deals with the branches of Legal System, which are Civil Law and Criminal Law. Also, every citizen of India can access the courts and has the right to demand justice through the courts. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • What is the role of Judiciary?
  • What is an Independent Judiciary?
  • What is the structure of courts in India?
  • What are the different branches of the legal system?
  • Does everyone have access to the courts?

Type of Questions: At the end of the chapter, you will find short and long answer type questions to understand the chapter efficiently. 

Chapter 6: Understanding our Criminal Justice System 

Chapter 6 discuss the role of police, judge and prosecutor in the investigation of a crime. According to the Indian Constitution, every individual has a fair chance of trial in court who has been charged with a crime. 

The role of Police is to investigate a case and collects recording statements of witnesses, different kinds of evidence etc and then to file a chargesheet in the court. Then, the role of the Prosecutor is to represent the case in court. A prosecutor cannot interfere in the process of investigation. 

Moving ahead, you will learn the job role and responsibilities of the Judge, who is like an umpire in the game and conducts the trial impartially in the court. The judge decides the result of the case and gives punishment to the accused prescribed by the law. A fair trial is given to every individual of the country irrespective of gender, caste and monetary status. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Role of Police in Investigating a Crime
  • Role of Public Prosecutor
  • Role of the Judge
  • What is a Fair Trial?

Type of Questions: Read the complete chapter for answering the short and long questions of the book. 

Chapter 7: Understanding Marginalisation

The original inhabitants or people who used to live in close association with forests are termed as Adivasis. They live in different states like Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Gujarat, Rajasthan etc. There is little hierarchy among Adivasis and has the most distinctive societies. Also, they follow their religion, customs, and language. 

We have similar kind of stereotyped thinking about Adivasis portrayal. They are blamed for their lack of advancement and often leads them as exotic, primitive and backward. Adivasis were referred to as hunter gatherers, and nomads and lived on shifting culture. 

In the last topic ‘Minorities & Marginalisation’, you will study about the importance of safeguarding the minority communities against the community of majorities. So, through the Fundamentals Rights of India, a citizen of India can approach the court if they feel. Also, the topic of Islam religion and Marginalisation are discussed briefly in this chapter. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Who are Adivasis?
  • Adivasis and Stereotyping
  • Adivasis and Development
  • Minorities and Marginalisation

Type of Questions: Short and long answer type questions provided in this chapter. For comprehensive answers, refer to NCERT Solutions Civics for Chapter 7 of Class 8. 

Chapter 8: Confronting Marginalisation

In this chapter “Confronting Marginalisation”, you will study why the Constitution of India is used by Marginalised group to invoke in their struggles. Also, study how rights are transformed into laws to protect different groups of societies. 

Chapter 8 deals with the invoking of Fundamentals Rights as with Marginalised, they have crafted these rights in two ways. First is that they forced the government to know the injustice they faced and the other is they persuaded the government to enforce these laws. 

Then, in the law of Marginalised, know about promoting social justice. Further, you will explore the different laws which are formed to protect the rights of Dalits and Adivasis. The lesson also discussed the different acts like the Prevention of Atrocities Act 1989, Adivasis Act 1989. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Invoking Fundamental Rights
  • Laws for the Marginalised
  • Protecting the Rights of Adivasis and Dalits
  • Adivasis Demands and 1989 Act

Type of Questions: Solve short and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 9: Public Facilities

Chapter 9 discusses the water supply in the different parts of the world. At the beginning of the lesson, you will see four different images illustrating the scenarios of water supply in four areas of Chennai. Also, you will learn that how safe drinking water can save you from water-related diseases. 

There are two major public facilities provided by the Constitution of India, which are healthcare and sanitation. Electricity, schools, colleges, public transport are considered as other public facilities. Although the public facilities are provided by some private companies but not at affordable prices, the government takes this responsibility to provide these services. 

Later, you will study that there is a shortage of public facilities such as water to the people. Hence, to help citizens of India, the government introduced many alternatives to help people by providing them with sanitation, safe water and healthcare facilities. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • Water and the people of Chennai
  • Water as part of the Fundamental Right to life
  • Public Facilities
  • The Government’s Role
  • Water Supply to Chennai
  • In search of alternatives

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 10: Law and Social Justice

NCERT Social Science Class 8 Chapter 10 deals with the relationships between three parties- the worker, producer and consumer. The laws related to workers in order to help them in having the right wages is briefly discussed in the chapter. 

The lower wages provided to labourers, housing facilities for workers, and other ways of cost-cutting are the major reasons why India is considered for cheap labour. So, the worth of the worker is explained in the lesson. To keep the worth of the workers intact, the government laid out some safety laws under Article 21 of the Constitution. 

Further, after the Bhopal Gas Tragedy, the Indian government introduced new laws on the environment. The government set new laws and procedures that can check pollution, rivers and also, introduced heavy fines for those who pollute the air, water or land. The crucial role government plays is to control the activities of private firms. The government enforce some major laws to ensure social justice. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  • What is a Worker’s Worth?
  • Enforcement of Safety Laws
  • New Laws to Protect the Environment

Type of Questions: At the end of this chapter, you will find short & long answer type questions to make your concepts strong of the topics. 

Advantages of NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Civics - Social and Political Life III

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  • Correct Answers: This page will help you find the correct answers to Social and Political Life III.
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  • Detailed: Here you will find the detailed chapter-wise answers to all questions covered in Social & Political Life III book. The answers are of each chapter are provided in such a detailed manner which makes it easy to learn & understand the concept.
  • Curriculum: NCERT Class 8 Social & Political Life III Solutions provided at Goprep strictly follows the latest CBSE curriculum as described by the board.
  • Easy Language: NCERT Class 8th Solutions offer in-depth knowledge of the concept in an easy language which makes it convenient for a student to remembers numbers history answers.


Final Words

NCERT Class 8 Civics Social & Political Life III are shared here with the intention to help you excel in the examination & show you a clear path for your preparations. You can refer to the respective solutions for the NCERT questions to crack your exam.

Frequently Asked Questions

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