NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography Resource and Development

NCERT Geography- Resources and Development

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography: Social Science Resources and Development is not a subject that can just be mugged up without understanding the concept of the subject. For clearing your basic concepts, it is important to start your preparation of the exam with NCERT books. The CBSE has prescribed the NCERT Geography book known an NCERT Social Science Resources and Development for Class 8th.

In order to help you in understanding the concepts of the NCERT Social Science Resources and Development textbook, we at Goprep provide you with one of the best NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Social Science Resources and Development. The NCERT Solutions provided by our subject experts will help you in finding the questions with detailed answers and clearing your concepts easily.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography - All Chapters

The NCERT Solutions of Class 8 Social Science Geography Resources and Development for 6 chapters developed by Goprep are given in the most precise and clear manner. This will eventually help students in performing better and getting better marks in the examinations. With our Class 8th NCERT Solutions, you can ease the process of learning. It is vital to understand the chapters of the subject and for that, we have compiled the answers for the questions in the complete structured form.

NCERT Solutions for Class 8 Geography (Chapter-Wise Description)

Chapter 1: Resources

Introduction: The first chapter of the NCERT Class 8 Geography textbook discusses the importance of resources based on its availability. The first topic explains the three types of resources, which are natural, human-made, and human. 

To begin with, natural resources are found abundant in nature and can be replenished by the action of nature. Such resources can be consumed directly without any modification. However, some of these resources are limited in stock and take years for their formation and are termed as non-renewable resources. 

While renewable resources are the ones that can be renewed quickly and are in abundant. Further, the chapter introduces you to human-made resources, which are made from modifying natural resources. 

At the end of this chapter, you will learn how you can use resources wisely and save them for future generations, which is referred to sustainable development. Below is the complete list of topics of NCERT Class 8 Geography Chapter-1.  

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  1. Types of Resources
    1. Natural Resources
    2. Human Made Resources
  2. Conserving Resources
    1. Resource Conservation
    2. Sustainable Development

Type of Questions: At the end of the chapter, you will find short & long answer type questions and MCQs. 


Chapter 2: Land, Soil, Water, Natural Vegetation, and Wildlife Resources

Introduction: Chapter 2 of NCERT Class 8 Geography tells about human dependency on land, water, soil, wildlife, and natural vegetation. Out of the total land area, people occupy only 30% of land mass, and the rest are either less populated or uninhabited. 

The next topic will tell you about land usage for different purposes, such as agriculture, building houses, forestry, mining, and establishment of industries. While private land is utilised for personal purposes, community land is used for common purposes such as a collection of fodder, fruits, medicinal herbs, etc. 

Further, you will study the soil profile, where the top layer comprises humus and vegetation. The second layer from the top consists of a mixture of sand, silt, and clay. Weathered rock material and parent rock constitute the bottom two layers. 

In the latter half of this chapter, you will read the major factors of soil formation. The formation of soil based on the topography, nature of the rock, climatic factors, etc. You will also study the methods of soil conservation, water conservation, and distribution of natural vegetation and wildlife. 

List of Topics in the Chapter:

  1. Land and Land Use
  2. Conservation of Land Resource
  3. Soil and Factors of Soil Formation
  4. Degradation of Soil and Conservation Measures
  5. Water and Problems of Water Availability
  6. Conservation of Water Resources
  7. Natural Vegetation and Wildlife
  8. Distribution of Natural Vegetation
  9. Conservation of Natural Vegetation and Wildlife

Type of Questions: Solve short & long answer type questions, match the following, true or false, MCQs. 

Chapter 3: Mineral and Power Resources

Introduction: The chapter “ Minerals & Power Resources” discusses the topic of minerals, which are naturally occurring substance and has chemical composition. Hence, the composition of minerals divides them into two types- Metallic & Non-Metallic. The extraction of minerals includes processes like mining, drilling and quarrying. 

In chapter 3 of NCERT Geography Class 8, you will also study the distribution of minerals as they are found in different types of rocks. Then, the next topic to discuss is the uses of minerals, which are used in various industries. 

Further, you will study the Power Resources and its importance in our lives. Also, the power resources are categorized into two groups- conventional and non-conventional resources. The resources which we are using for a longer period are conventional. 

Later in this chapter, topics like non-conventional resources, which are Solar Energy, Wind Energy, Nuclear Power, Geothermal Energy are explored briefly. Also, study tidal energy, which is generated from tides and biogas, a gaseous fuel obtained from kitchen waste & animal dung. 

List of Topics in “Mineral and Power Resources”

  1. Types of Minerals
  2. Distribution of Minerals
  3. Use of Minerals
  4. Conservation of Minerals
  5. Power Resources
  6. Non-Conventional Sources of Energy
    1. Solar Energy
    2. Wind Energy
    3. Nuclear Power
    4. Geothermal energy
  7. Tidal Energy
  8. Biogas

Type Of Questions: You will get short & long answer type questions and multiple-choice questions given in this chapter. 

Chapter 4: Agriculture

Introduction: Chapter 4 talks about the different activities of transforming plants into finished products such as crops. These economic activities are categorized as Primary, Secondary and Tertiary activities.  

The first topic discusses the farm system under which inputs like seeds, machinery are included. Also, the outputs like crops, dairy are discussed properly. Further, types of farming are explored, which are subsistence and commercial farming.  

Moving ahead, you will learn about the essential crops which are grown to meet the needs of the population. Important food crops are wheat, millet, rice, and maize, while fibre crops are cotton and jute. Also, beverage crops include tea and coffee

The last topic of the chapter is Agricultural development, which refers to the different efforts for increasing the farm production for the growing population. The diverse techniques include upsurging the cropped area, improved irrigation facilities, proper use of fertilizers, yielding a variety of seeds etc. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  1. Farm System
  2. Types of Farming
    1. Subsistence Farming
    2. Commercial Farming
  3. Major Crops
  4. Agricultural Development

Type of Questions: Solve short & long answer type questions, and MCQs has given in chapter 4 of NCERT Geography Class 8. 

Chapter 5: Industries

Introduction: Chapter 5 revolves around various kinds of industries, which are related to the production of goods, provision of services and extraction of minerals. This chapter also deals with the classification of industries. The classification is based on raw materials, size and ownership. 

Further, raw material, power, labour, capital, transportation, water, land and market are some of the vital factors which affect the location of the industries. The whole system of industries consists of inputs, processes and outputs. 

Then, you will also learn the major industrial regions, which are Western and Central Europe, Eastern North America, Eastern Asia and Europe as these areas have sea ports. 

In the latter part of the chapter, you will study that the world's major industries are steel and iron industry, information technology industry and textile industry. Moreover, cotton industries are divided into categories based on the raw materials used in them.  

List of Topics in the Chapter

  1. Industries
  2. Classification of Industries
  3. Factors Affecting the Location of Industries
  4. Industrial System
  5. Industrial Regions
  6. Distribution of Major Industries
  7. Cotton Textile Industry

Type of Questions: Attempt fills in the blanks, MCQs and short & long answer type questions of this chapter. 

Chapter 6: Human Resources

Introduction: Chapter 6 of NCERT Social Science Geography Class 8 discusses the important resource, which is a human resource. Human resource is not distributed equally and differs with respect to age, sex and educational levels. 

Then, the pattern of population distribution is discussed briefly in which how people are spread across the earth's surface is described. You will also know the countries which are most populous like China and India. 

Moreover, you will study the different factors affecting the distribution of population, which are  geographical factors including soil, climate, water, and minerals, social & economic factors like cultural, social and economic. 

Also, you will explore different terms like birth rate, death rate, migration, natural growth rate, immigrants, and how the population pattern change with time.  The last topic discusses the composition of population which let you know the ratios of male and female, their age group, education and occupation. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  1. Distribution of Population
  2. Density of Population
  3. Factors Affecting the Distribution of Population
  4. Population Change
  5. Patterns of Population Change
  6. Population Composition

Type of Questions: At the end of the chapter, you will find short & long answer type questions, fill in the blanks and true or false. 

Benefits of Using NCERT Solutions for Geography Class 8

Our team of experienced subject mentors has carefully designed the NCERT Solutions for Class 8th Geography Resources and Development Textbook in a perfect concise manner. There are numerous benefits of NCERT Solutions which help students in scoring good marks in the exam. These benefits are as follows:

  • NCERT Solutions are based on the latest official syllabus of the subject.
  • All the solutions provided in NCERT Solutions by Goprep is error-free and in a well-structured way.
  • The major benefit of this NCERT Solutions is that these are free of cost for the students and are accessible on the Goprep website.
  • In NCERT Solutions, you will find the complete syllabus of the Social Science Resource and Development textbook.
  • Crafted by expert and skilled teachers, our NCERT Solutions for Class 8th is complete in all respect to enhancing your performance in the examination.
  • You will find our NCERT Solutions in easy and simple language so that you can easily fetch good marks in the exam.


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