NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science

NCERT Science

NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science is the most systematic and organized mode of study to prepare for the CBSE class 6 exams. NCERT Class 6 Science Solutions have been prepared by our subject experts having a vast knowledge in the subject of science. 

If you find it difficult to solve the questions given in your NCERT science textbook, we would suggest you to refer to the Goprep's NCERT class 6 solutions. Below you can check chapter-wise solutions of 6th class science book. 

NCERT Class 6 Science Solutions - All Chapters 

More books in your class
Class 6th

If you aim to score good marks in the class 6 science examination, develop a habit of practising NCERT questions. It is better to study NCERT solutions from Gradeup as it will leave no scope for mistakes during the preparation of CBSE Class 6 examination. 

NCERT Class 6 Science Solutions (Chapter-Wise Description)

Chapter 1: Food- Where Does it Come From?

Introduction: In this chapter, you will learn about the food which we eat and varieties of food available to us. Raw materials needed to prepare food are termed as ingredients. Also, source of these ingredients are provided to you in this chapter.

Further, there are some plants, which have two more parts to eat and are termed as edible plants. You will be provided with the concepts of nectar and sprouted. Then you will learn about the different kinds of food that different animals eat. 

The different living beings are divided into three categories as per their food habits. First is herbivores- which eat plants and plants products only. Second are carnivores- animals which eat other animals. Then comes the third category of omnivores- which eat both animals and plants. 

List of Topics in "Food- Where Does it Come Food”

  • Food Variety 
  • Food Materials and Sources
  • Plants Parts & Animals Products as Food
  • What do Animals Eat

Type of Questions

In NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 1, you will be required to attempt fill in the blanks, match the column and short answer type questions. 

Chapter 2: Components of Food

Introduction: In chapter one, you learned about the different kinds of food that we eat. So, in this chapter, you will study the constituents of our food. Our meal should have all kinds of food items to provide us with the required energy for the day. 

The food we eat is prepared by using various ingredients, and nutrients is the term used to define components that are present in ingredients. Some of the major nutrients are carbohydrates, fats, proteins, minerals and vitamins. 

The different kinds of nutrients provide energy, growth & maintenance and also help us in fighting against many diseases. Further, you will study that a balanced diet includes a good amount of water and roughage in it. In the absence of nutrients in our body for a long period of time, the deficiency diseases or disorder occur in our body. 

List of Topics in “Components of Food”

  • What do Different Food Items Contain?
  • What do various Nutrients do for our body?
  • Balanced Diet
  • Deficiency Diseases

Type of Questions

True and False, fill in the blanks, multiple-choice questions, short and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 3: Fibre to Fabric

Introduction: This chapter starts with the introduction of various fabrics and fibres. The clothing  material such as cotton, wool, silk etc is termed as fabric. You will learn that a loose thread of the edge of the cloth is also called a yarn. 

The thin strands of thread or yarn are made up of fibres. Fibres that are obtained from plants and animal sources are natural fibres while synthetic fibres are the ones, which are not obtained from plant or animal sources.

Moving forward, you will explore the process of ginning of cotton, plant fibres, spinning process of making yarn into fabrics. Another process, which is discussed is weaving- arrangement of two sets of yarns. 

Moreover, there are two methods under yarning the fibre, one is by weaving and the other is by knitting. 

List of Topics in “Fibre to Fabric”

  • Variety of Fabrics
  • Fibre
  • Plant Fibres
  • Spinning Cotton Yarn
  • Yarn to Fabric
  • History of Clothing Material

Type of Question

Multiple type questions, fill in the blanks and short answer type questions at the end of this chapter. 

Chapter 4: Sorting Materials into Groups

Introduction: This chapter discusses a wide range of objects that are present everywhere in front of us. We will learn the different categories under which we can put these various objects. This categorization of objects takes place after considering their shape, size, colours, and uses. 

You can also separate the objects which are made from paper and wood. Similarly, you can divide the objects which are used for preparing food and for playing. 

Another thing to keep in mind the properties of the objects such as their appearances, hardness solubility, transparency etc. This grouping of things helps you in understanding the objects and their properties in an easy and efficient way.  

List of Topics in “Sorting Materials into Groups”

  • Objects Around Us
  • Properties of Materials

Type of Question

To make your concepts more strong, solve short answer type questions, match the following, true/false and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 5: Separation of Substances

Introduction: Chapter 5 of NCERT Class 6 Science introduces you with the process of separation in which a substance is separated from a mixture of materials. These separated  substances can be categorized in the states of matter i.e. liquid, gas and solid. 

Proceeding further, you will learn the different methods of separation. The process of removing large size impurities like a stone from grains with your hand is commonly known as a handpicking method. 

Next methods of separation are threshing and winnowing. The process of separating grains from stalks with the help of machines, bullocks or by beating the stalks is called threshing. With the help of wind, lighter and heavier components are separated, which is termed as winnowing. 

The last method is sieving, in which different sizes of components in a mixture are separated from each other by using sieves. Later, you will learn more methods of separation like sedimentation ( adding of water), decantation and filtration. Converting water into vapour is called evaporation process. 

Also, the concepts of condensation, the process of turning water vapour into its liquid form and preparation of saturated solution will be provided in this chapter. 

List of Topics in “Separation of Substance” 

Methods of Separation

  • Handpicking
  • Threshing
  • Winnowing
  • Sedimentation, Decantation & Filtration
  • Evaporation 

Type of Question

Fill in the blanks, true/false and short and long answer type questions. 

Chapter 6: Changes Around Us

Introduction: This chapter lets you learn about the different changes that happen around us and how some of them are reversible while some are not. The process of expansion is discussed in this chapter in which a substance is heated to make its size slightly bigger. 

Further, this chapter includes the basic concepts of evaporation, melting and contraction. You have to understand their meaning and the process for the same. A change in a substance occurs when it is heated or mixed with any other substance. 

List of Topics in “Changes Around Us”

  • Reversible Changes
  • Other ways to bring Change
  • Expansion and Contraction. 

Type of Question

Short and long answer type questions are asked from this chapter. 

Chapter 7: Getting to Know Plants

Introduction: The classification of plants into herbs, trees and shrubs help you in understanding the plants in a better way by reading this chapter. The short plants and without any branches are herbs, while plants having branches near the stem are shrubs. Further, plants that are tall and have hard stems are termed as trees. 

Weak stems are called creepers while supporting stems are known as climbers. The Petiole is the leaf part through which leaf is attached to stem and lamina is the green part of the leaf. Also, different parts of the leaf like veins, midrib, reticulate, leaf venation and parallel venation are covered in this chapter. 

The process of transpiration and photosynthesis are discussed thoroughly. You will learn how the root anchors the plant to the soil and what are tap, fibrous and lateral roots. 

Later in the chapter, you will explore the different parts of a flower like a petal, sepal, stamens, and pistil. The study of ovary and ovules of the flowers are discussed in this chapter. 

List of Topics in “Getting to Know Plants” 

  • Herbs, Shrubs and Trees
  • Stem
  • Leaf
  • Root 
  • Flower

Type of Question

Solve true/false and long & short answer type questions from this chapter and you can cross-check your answer from NCERT Solutions Class 6 Science Chapter 7. 

Chapter 8: Body Movements

Introduction: The different kinds of movements of humans and animals are explained in this chapter thoroughly. The place where two body parts are joined together like the neck, elbow are called joints. 

The concepts related to ball & socket joints, thigh bone and hip bone are included in this chapter. The hollow space of one bone in which another bone fit is called a cavity. The role of the pivotal joint is to join neck with head. 

Another crucial joint is fixed join in which bones cannot make any movement. Further, you will learn the meaning of skeleton, carpels, rib cage, backbone, pelvic bones, shoulder bones, etc. The skeleton of the human body is formed from bones and cartilage. 

Later in this chapter, you will study the movements of the animals, birds and insects.  

List of Topics in “Body Movements” 

  • Human Body and its Movement
  • Gait of Animals
  • Pivotal Joint
  • Fixed Joints
  • Movement of snakes

Type of Question

Fill in the blanks, match the column, true/false and short answer type questions. 

Chapter 9: The Living Organisms and their Surroundings

Introduction: This chapter introduces you with the different kinds of organisms and their respective habitat. The living creatures making their habitat on land are called terrestrial habitats, while animals that live in water are termed as aquatic habitats. 

Living organisms are biotic components and nonliving things are called abiotic components. Further, you will learn the different types of terrestrial habitats such as deserts, mountain regions, and grasslands. While some aquatic habitats include oceans, ponds & lakes etc. 

Other important concepts like respiration, stimuli, reproduction  animals, the process of excretion, movements in organisms etc are thoroughly provided in this chapter. 

List of Topics in “The Living Organisms and their Surroundings”

  • Organisms and the surroundings 
  • Habitat and Adaptation
  • A Journey through different Habitats
  • Characteristics of Organisms

Type of Question

At the end of the chapter, you will find fill in the blanks and short & long answer type questions. 

Chapter 10: Motion and Measurement of Distances

Introduction: Know the different way by which people can travel from one place to another. Different modes of transport are discussed with units of measurement as steps counted and distance covered.

SI is the short term used for System of Units which is accepted internationally and SI unit is measured with respect to the metre. 

A straight line in motion is known as rectilinear motion and the repetition of motion after some period of time is called periodic motion. At last, keep in mind that fixed point remains the same when an object keeps on moving in a circular motion. 

List of Topics in “Motion, Measurement of Distances”

  • Story of Transport
  • Measurement of Distance
  • Some Measurements
  • Standard Units of Measurement
  • Correct Measurement of Length
  • Moving things around us
  • Types of Motion

Type of Question

Question-answer type and fill in the blanks. 

Chapter 11: Light, Shadows and Reflections

Introduction: Chapter 11 of NCERT Class 6 Science deals with luminous objects, opaque objects, and transparent & translucent objects. Objects which do not enable light to pass through are opaque and objects which allow light to pass through are transparent objects.

The concept of shadow is explained in the chapter briefly. You will find that if an opaque object is placed in the path of the light then a shadow is formed. Formation of the pinhole camera is another vital concept covered in the chapter. 

You will study that the travelling of light occurs in a straight line and reflection is what we see everyday in front of the mirror. Also, a mirror reflects a beam of light. 

List of Topics in “Light, Shadows and Reflections”

  • Transparent, Opaque, and Translucent 
  • Shadows
  • A pinhole Camera
  • Mirrors and Reflections

Type of Question

Rearrangement of sentences and short answer type questions. 

Chapter 12: Electricity and Circuits

Introduction: The chapter begins with the introduction of an electric cell which is used in clocks, cameras, watches, radios etc. Further, the filament of the bulb is the wire that gives off light. 

You must know that a bulb provides you light only when the current is flowing through the bulb circuit. Electric current always passes from one terminal to another terminal in an electric circuit.

You will study about the different materials that allow an electric current to pass and they are termed as conductors. While materials from which an electric current cannot pass are called insulators.

Also, keep in mind that a switch is an object which is used for breaking the electric circuit and completing the electric circuit as well. 

List of Topics in “Electricity and Circuits”

  • Electric Cell
  • A bulb connected to electric cell
  • An electric circuit
  • Electric switch
  • Electric conductors and insulators

Type of Question

In NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 12, you will find match the following, true/false, fill in the blanks and various questions to attempt. 

Chapter 13: Fun With Magnets

Introduction: In NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 13, you will study the history of magnets and how a shepherd discovered the substance called magnets. The magnetic materials are the ones which are attracted to magnets and which do not get attracted to magnets are said to be non-magnetic materials. 

Proceeding further, you will study the poles of the magnets (North and South pole) and how magnets are useful in finding the direction. 

With the help of this chapter, you will come to know that two magnets will attract each other only if they have opposite poles while magnets having the same poles will repel from one another. 

List of Topics in “Fun With Magnets”

  • Magnetic & Non magnetic materials
  • Poles of Magnet
  • Finding Directions
  • Make your own magnet
  • Attraction & repulsion between magnets

Type of Question

You will be required to attempt questions-answers, match the following, fill in the blanks and true/false in this chapter. 

Chapter 14: Water 

Introduction: As you know that water is an essential element for life. So, we must learn the concepts related to water thoroughly. In chapter 14 of NCERT Class 6 Science, you will discover that by the process of evaporation and transpiration, water vapour is produced which is then added to the air. 

The water cycle is described as the process of circulating the water in between oceans and lands. You will also learn which form of water replenishes in different ways. 

The importance of rainfall is also provided in this chapter. As less rainfall can cause droughts and excessive rainfall can result in floods. Conservation of water is also essential as the earth has a limited water supply. 

List of Topics in “Water”

  • How much water did we use
  • Where do we get water from
  • Water cycle
  • Back to the oceans
  • Rains heavily
  • Conserve water
  • Rainwater harvesting

Type of Question

True/false, fill in the blanks, short & long answer type questions. 

Chapter 15: Air Around Us

Introduction: The chapter is related to air as we cannot see it but can feel it everywhere. The motion present in the air is called the wind and it is also available in water and soil so that plants and animals can live in water and soil.

The importance of oxygen is that it is essential for living organisms and it also supports the burning process. 

The atmosphere is the coverage of air that available in the earth and it is very much important for the existence of life on the earth. 

Animals are living in the water use air dissolved in water for their process of respiration. Lastly, the life of plants and animals depend on each other as they exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide. 

List of Topics in “Air Around us”

  • Is Air present everywhere around us
  • What air made up of
  • How oxygen reach to plants and animals living in water and soil
  • How oxygen in atmosphere replaced 

Type of Question

You need to attempt fill in the blanks, answers-questions given at the end of NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 15. 

Chapter 16: Garbage in, Garbage out

Introduction: NCERT Class 6 Science Chapter 16- “ Garbage in, Garbage out” is a lesson about garbage. You will study how the landfill of garbage is converted into parks. 

Composting is a process of converting the waste of animals and plants and waste that comes from the kitchen into manure. Another process of vermicomposting is discussed in this chapter briefly.  

You will explore the process of recycling of paper and how it can be turned into useful products. With the help of composting, you can decrease the side effects of the plastics. Later, you will find out the different ways of generating less garbage in our surroundings. 

List of Topics in “Garbage in, Garbage out”

  • Dealing with Garbage
  • Vermicomposting
  • Think and throw
  • Recycling of paper
  • Plastics -Boon or Curse

Type of Question

At the end of the chapter, you will find various short and long answer type questions to attempt. 

Benefits of Using NCERT Solutions for Class 6 Science

At Goprep, we try to give the best solutions to all the questions. The solutions are based on the latest syllabus released by CBSE. We have listed a few points about the benefits of using NCERT Solutions for Class 6

  • Our experienced experts have prepared NCERT solutions

  • The solutions are based on the latest syllabus

  • You will find zero error in our NCERT Solutions

  • The chapters and the complex concepts are explained in the easiest way

  • The best part about the solutions is that these are free of cost

  • Our experts have covered all the CBSE chapters of class 6 science subject

  • You can easily rely on our solutions to prepare for the science exam


Frequently Asked Questions

  • Do NCERT solutions for class 6th science cover all the chapters?

    Yes, it covers all the 16 chapters of the main CBSE NCERT textbook of class 6 science. You will find solutions to all the questions from in-between and back exercises mentioned in the textbooks. Not just this, we have also explained the chapters and some important formulas and concepts.

  • Can I prepare for the Class 6 Science exam from the NCERT solutions?

    You can prepare for the class 6 science exam as the solutions covered are based on the official class 6 science syllabus. The solutions are easy, structured and approach to solve the solution is given in steps. You will not find anything difficult to understand.

  • Are the solutions based on the CBSE approved syllabus?

    Yes, in Goprep’s NCERT Solutions, you will not find anything outside of the CBSE approved class 6 science syllabus. Our experts have prepared the solutions to the NCERT questions keeping in mind the syllabus. In fact, you will find easy explanations of all the questions asked in every chapter.

  • Are NCERT solutions for class 6 science, a good preparation strategy?

    One should add NCERT solutions to their preparation plan to score good marks. The explanations for every problem are given in an easy manner. The solutions are based on the syllabus approved by CBSE. You will also find explanations of important concepts.