NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope

NCERT - Kaleidoscope

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope made available by Gradeup are aimed at simplifying the difficult topics covered in the textbook. Our NCERT solutions for Class 12 English textbook have been formulated by English teachers having in-depth knowledge of the syllabus and diverse chapters in the textbook. The English Kaleidoscope textbook of Class 12 comprises of short stories, poems, drama and non-fiction stories. All these elements make the syllabus pretty lengthy giving students a tough time to prepare for the exam.

Using these solutions, you can find simplified answers and explanations for the questions and poems given in Kaleidoscope. So, if you want English to be the most scoring subject for you, then these solutions can definitely serve value to your exam preparation. Continue to click on the given below links to browse the detailed chapter-wise solutions for English Kaleidoscope textbook.

NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English - Kaleidoscope (All Chapters)

The answers are given in simple language, which makes reading and understanding them all the more interesting and engaging. Moreover, the answers and explanations for each chapter are given list-wise which makes finding a specific topic and preparing it relatively easier. Further, the Class 12th solutions for English textbook of Kaleidoscope can assist you in learning the right approach to frame detailed answers for difficult questions. Available for free on our website, these English textbook solutions can be used by simply registering on the website.

NCERT Class 12 English Kaleidoscope Solutions (Chapter-Wise Description)

Short Stories 

Chapter 1: I Sell My Dreams

Narrated by Gabriel Marquez, "I Sell My Dreams" is an account of the events narrated by the author. The story opens with the narrator having breakfast at the Riviera Hotel in Havana. 

Suddenly, a giant wave of destruction hits the building and throws up all the cars in the avenue.

In the chaos that takes place after the calamity, the narrator of the story comes to know about a dead woman with a serpent ring. Suddenly, she is reminded of another whom she had met many years ago, and she was wearing a similar type of ring. 

It is then; the story goes back to the time when the narrator had met this woman thirty- three years ago at a tavern in Vienna. The narrator recollects the meetings and the time spend with the woman, and the story unfolds from after that.

Author of “I Sell My Dreams”: Gabriel Marquez

Theme: I sell my dreams’ gives a sense of security to people in difficulty and stress to always be positive and search for some illogical and unexplained solutions to problems. 

Type of Questions: Once you have finished reading the NCERT textbook story, “I Sell My Dreams”, you can get answers of MCQs, short and long answer type questions.  

Chapter 2: Eveline

Written by James Joyce, “Eveline” is a story of a young woman named Eveline living in Dublin with her father as her mother is no more. Her father is an alcoholic, and he barely supports her in buying household groceries and other stuff.

Eveline works menial jobs to support her family after the passing away of her mother. Eveline’s father always takes her hard-earned money and spends it on alcohol. She is quite unhappy with her life, and she finally decides to elope with Frank, who wants to marry her. 

Although Eveline accepts Frank’s proposal for marriage, she is quite reluctant to leave her home and country. She fears that by leaving her country, she would lose her identity. Hence, she decides to leave Frank and stays back in Ireland. 

Author of, “Eveline”: James Joyce

Theme: Eveline’ is a story that captures the relationship of a girl named Eveline between her past, present and future by examining her attitude her life. 

Types of Questions: Once you have finished reading the NCERT English Kaleidoscope story, “Eveline”, you can solve short answer, long answer and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 3: A Wedding In Brownsville

The author of the story, “A Wedding in Brownsville” is Isaac Bashevis Singer. The story is about New York-based Jewish Dr Solomon Margolin. Although an atheist in his approach, he is very diligent and treats the member of his community for free of cost. 

One fine day, he is invited to the wedding of Sylvia who is the daughter of Abraham Mekheles. Dr Margolin is on a fat-free diet, and he also does not like loud music and unruly dance at weddings. 

Therefore, he is least interested in attending the wedding and finds it a burdensome task. However, Abraham Mekheles and Dr Margolin hail from the same village, Sencimin. Hence, the marriage function cannot be avoided. 

Author of “A Wedding In Brownsville”: Isaac Bashevis Singer

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions and textual questions. 

Chapter 4: Tomorrow

Written by Joseph Conrad “Tomorrow” is a story about a man who is planning for the return of his son, who has been missing for the last 16 years. The father, Captain Hagberd, wishes to marry her son with a sweet girl who lives next door to his house. 

Captain Hagberd had been advertising for his missing son in London papers for a long time. He was even willing to offer a reward to anyone who had any information about his son. He was pretty convinced that his son would definitely return one day. 

As the story progresses, the young man, Captain Hagberd’s son, returns unexpectedly. Upon his return, there are many secrets about the characters of the story that gets revealed. 

Author of, “Tomorrow”: Joseph Conrad

Theme: The retired sea captain’s son, finally returns to his father, because he is deprived and needs money.

Type of Questions: Short answer type, long answer type, and fill in the blanks questions.  

Chapter 5: One Centimetre

Summary: The story, “One Centimetre” revolves around a young mother whose name is Tao Ying. She does not believe in buying a bus ticket for every ride that she takes. However, if the bus conductor is a responsible man, then she pays for her ticket without any hesitation.

Tao Ying works in a bakery factory. One day her colleague, Lao Chiang, offers her a ticket to visit Buddha temple. So, she plans to take her son along with her to see the Buddha temple for the first time. 

Although her son is short of one centimetre above which it gets essential to buy a bus ticket. Had she wanted; she would have refused to buy the ticker for her son. But, seeing her son’s excitement, she buys two tickets to make him happy about the bus ride. 

Author of “One Centimetre”: Bi-Shu-min  

Theme: Through the story, the author is highlighting the responsibilities of a mother and how Tao Ying was careful to not commit a wrong act in front of his son as children learn everything from their elders. 

Type of Questions:  While attempting to solve NCERT Kaleidoscope chapter One Centimetre questions, you can refer to textual questions, MCQs and fill in the blanks. 


Chapter 1: A Lecture Upon the Shadow 

Summary: A Lecture Upon the Shadow by John Donne is a poem about love and, somewhat figuratively about perspective. The poet is involved in a monologue with his lover and talks about nature and different dimensions of love. 

The love poetry describes that when there is maturity in love, lovers are able to understand each other clearly without any delusion. Further, the poet states that when love is devoid of maturity, the vision of the lovers becomes illusioned.

In the end, the poet stresses that for a relationship to blossom, love should grow or remain constant. However, the moment love begins to diminish, it becomes extinct and the relationship suffers. 

Author of “A Lecture Upon the Shadow”: John Donne

Theme: Through the poem, the poet wants to convey that only when the love is at its highest, it gives lovers the clarity of sight and ability to understand each other better.

Types of Questions: While preparing the NCERT English Kaleidoscope, “A Lecture Upon the Shadow”, you will solve MCQs, fill in the blanks and short answer type questions. 

Chapter 2: Poems by Milton 

Summary: John Milton’s poem, “On Time” caters to the idea that life on earth is inclusive of continuous change which is mainly negative in its characteristics.

Milton is differentiating between eternity and time and he ridicules time through personification. 

Explaining further, he asserts that time is cruel as it causes physical deterioration among humans which ultimately leads to death. 

Furthermore, he emphasizes that humans can escape the devastation caused by the time by opting for a life in heaven that is eternal and filled with joy. 

Author of “Poems by Milton”: John Milton 

Theme: With the poem, Milton compares time with the speed of life. He asserts that human beings should not fear time and should wish for eternal life for endless happiness. 

Type of Questions: Short answer type questions, long answer type questions and textual questions.

Chapter 3: Poems by Blake 

Summary: In the poem, “The Divine Image” William Blake conveys that God’s image is reflected in every human being irrespective of their religion. The poet highlights that mercy, pity, peace, and love are divine qualities which people refer to express their gratitude. 

Each of these virtues is associated with God. Moreover, these qualities are also found in humans. Love exists in the human “form” or body; Pity is in the human face; Peace is a garment that envelops humans, and mercy is found in the heart. 

Furthermore, the poet suggests that people must love and respect each other irrespective of their religion or culture. Because, all prayers are mercy, peace and love are not just directed to almighty, but the human race. 

Author of Poems by Blake: William Blake 

Theme: With his poem, Blake has tried to propose the idea that God is the ethos of all the divine virtues like mercy, love, peace and pity. 

Types of Questions: To learn the NCERT poem, “The Divine Image”, you can get answers of short answer questions, textual questions and MCQs. 

Chapter 4: Kubla Khan 

Summary: Written in three paragraphs, “Kubla Khan” is one of the most romantic poems of all time. The poem gives a brief account of Xanadu, the palace of Mongol emperor Kubla Khan. The poet describes the emperor’s palace as "pleasure dome."

The poet highlights the river that runs across the land, reaching some underground caves and then landing in the sea. As the poem unfolds, the poet tells about the high-yielding area that is surrounded by the palace.

Through the course of the poem, the poet focuses on natural forces and human beings simultaneously. The lifeless oceans with confused noise made Kubla Khan hear the voices of his ancestors which warned him of impending danger in the form of war. 

Author of “Kubla Khan”: Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Theme: The interaction that takes place between a man and nature is the major theme of the poem Kubla Khan.

Type of Questions: To help students understand the NCERT Kaleidoscope poem “Kubla Khan”, we have provided answers to short questions, long questions and MCQs. 

Chapter 5: Trees 

Summary: Penned by Emily Dickinson, the poem, “Trees” is an ode to nature. The poet conveys her pleasure for nature and appreciates its beauty through the poem. 

She starts the appreciation for nature by describing the rhythmic breeze of the trees. She personifies the sun, as she says that when the sun rises "Little Creatures" such as swarms, bees and gnats come out and fill the air with the noise of their tiny wings.

Using the literary technique of ‘personification’ the poet tries to create picture-perfect imaging that is filled with life on a sunny and beautiful summer day.

Author of “Trees”: Emily Dickinson

Theme:  Through the poem, the poet reflects the beauty of the trees, clouds and the earth. 

Type of Questions: When attempting NCERT Kaleidoscope, “Trees” solutions, you can find here questions based on short answers, multiple-choice questions and textual questions. 

Chapter 6: The Wild Swans at Coole 

Summary: The poem, “The Wild Swans at Coole,” has been written by William Butler Yeats, who is referred to as Ireland’s one of the most famous poets to date. Through the poem, the poet talks about the swans in as well as the place where they like to enjoy themselves, Coole Park, in Ireland. 

Written in the regular stanza, the poem also describes a number of natural features and highlights both, nature’s beauty and the energy that permeates through the natural world.

The poet refers to the swans as a symbol of beauty, life and permanence. Moreover, they are not conscious of suffering and enervation in the manner that the speaker is.

Author of “The Wild Swans at Coole”: William Butler Yeats

Theme: Through the poem, the poet, while referring to the swans highlights that some things are unaware of the changes brought to human lives by time. 

Type of Questions: Fill in the blanks, short answer questions, long answer questions and MCQs. 

Chapter 7: Time and Time Again

Summary: “Time and Time Again” is a poem authored by A.K Ramanujan who is one of the finest English Language poets of India. With this poem, Ramanujan celebrates the diversity, and at the same time highlighting the indispensable unity of all things, i.e. people, their beliefs and their deeds. 

The poet talks about the clock towers of the cities and draws attention to the sound produced by the ringing of the bells to denote the hours. The poem reflects upon the complicated treatment of unusual feelings and thoughts of the poet. 

Author of “Time and Time Again”: A.K Ramanujan

Theme: Many things are supposed to be left as they are as time passes. As one should not try forcefully to improve change something which is beyond the confines of a person. 

Type of Questions: To understand the NCERT chapter “Time and Time Again” better, you can get solutions of short answer questions, MCQ’s and textual questions. 

Chapter 8: Blood 

Summary: The poem, “Blood” is the work of Kamala Das who is hailed as one of the greatest literary figures in Malayalam. During the poem, Kamala Das grows from being a child to an adult.  

The poem begins with the author’s narration of her childhood and playing with her brother. Her grandmother often told the poet stories. Her grandmother would brood about the deteriorating condition of their house and the demise of her husband.

In this poem, Kamala Das refers to her grandmother’s narrative to highlight the description of their 300-year-old house, which is deteriorating. Her grandmother would mention that the house is falling in front of their eyes. 

Noticing her grandmother’s concern, the author promises her that she will rebuild the house and turn it into new once she grows rich.  

Author of, “Blood”: Kamala Das

Theme:  The poem, “Blood” by Kamala Das highlights the different traits and personalities of a woman. The poem also illustrates her grandmother’s pride that she had over her blue blood, which she carries to her grave.

Non- Fiction 

Chapter 1: Freedom

Summary: GB Shaw’s Freedom is actually a part of the BBC radio series talk that was delivered by him in 1935. GB Shaw uses the medium of radio broadcast to explore the theme of freedom without focusing much on the application of theoretical jargon. 

Shaw states that any person who can do what he likes when he likes and where he likes, or do not do anything at all if he wishes to is someone who is truly free. 

However, he goes on to say that there is no such person. Further, he says that it is not possible to achieve this sort of freedom as we are always bound to do what is absolutely necessary, i.e. to eat, sleep, travel and procreate.

Author of “Freedom”: George Bernard Shaw 

Theme: The author says that “No one is Free” whether it is king or humble labourer. Everyone is expected to do things that are necessary, such as eat, sleep and travel. 

Type of Questions: To understand the NCERT Kaleidoscope chapter, “Freedom”, you will get here solved short answer questions, textual questions and multiple-choice questions. 

Chapter 2: The Mark on the Wall 

Summary: “The Mark on the Wall” by Virginia Woolf The Mark is a first-person narration by someone sitting in her room smoking a cigarette and recalling noticing a mark on the wall of their house. 

The story is not really about the mark on the wall. Instead, it is about the things that the narrator thinks about while pondering upon mark and recollecting important things. 

The narrator speculates the mark to be a small hole, or perhaps a leftover rose leaf. Furthermore, the narrator thinks of much bigger questions and ideas, such as what it the nature of life, from where Shakespeare found his inspiration, what it is like after death. 

Author of “The Mark on the Wall”: Virginia Woolf

Theme: “The Mark on the Wall” by Virginia Woolf revolves around the theme of uncertainty, trust, gender roles, religion and change. 

Type of Questions: Textual questions, long and short answer type questions and fill in the blanks. 

Chapter 3: Film-Making

Summary: The story, Film-Making, is an autobiographical narrative of the life and work of Ingmar Bergman, who was a famous Swedish film director. 

The films directed by Ingmar Bergman used black and white in a subtle way and were known for their ambiguous content and a significant presence of brooding presence which would inherently pervade them all.

In the story, the first part highlights Ingmar Bergman’s journey from childhood and how he became a film-maker. The second part of the story gives a detailed account of an interview of Umberto Eco by Mukund Padmanabhan.

Author of, “Film-Making”: Ingmar Bergman

Theme: The story Film-Making illustrates Ingmar Bergman’s association with films and how he began his filmmaking career. 

Types of Questions:  Once you have finished reading the NCERT Kaleidoscope chapter “Film-Making”, you will find it easier to solve short answer type and textual questions. 

Chapter 4: Why the Novel Matters

The story “Why the Novel Matters” is a critical essay written by famous novelist D. H. Lawrence. In the essay, Lawrence highlights the significance of the novel and makes a conscious effort to represent a novelist above all other professions.

Lawrence asserts that a novelist is someone who can fabricate characters and showcase their lives through his words. Owing to this fact, the profession of a novelist is better compared to that of Philosophy, Science and literature. 

Further, he goes on to highlight the importance of novels. He establishes the fact that a novel enables a person to know whether he is alive or dead. Hence, Lawrence claims that novel is a book which has the ability to touch the life a person this is the reason, “Why the Novel Matters”. 

Author of “Why the Novel Matters”: D. H. Lawrence

Theme: Through the story, the author states that the importance of a living man can be better understood deeply by a novelist as compared to men of Theology.

Type of Questions: Textual questions, short answer type and long answer type questions.

Chapter 5: The Argumentative Indian

Summary: “The Argumentative Indian” is a collection of essays written by Nobel Prize-winning economist Amartya Sen. The first essay, “The Argumentative Indian” discusses the ‘Argumentative history of India’. 

This essay discussed at length about contemporary India (2005). It also goes back into the history of traditional India. 

Amartya Sen believes that Indians by nature are known for their ability to talk for a long period. To support his claim, he quotes the 9-hour speed of Krishna Menon at the United Nations. 

He also gives the reference of Ramayana and Mahabharat to highlight the significance of discussions and debates, which is helpful in thriving the spirit of democracy. 

Author of “The Argumentative Indian”: Amartya Sen

Theme: The essay highlights the riches India and focuses on the fact that India is not the same as before. Things have changed, and that argument has reduced considerably. Moreover, he asserts that acceptance has taken an essential place in modern India. 

Types of Questions: To understand the NCERT Kaleidoscope, “The Argumentative Indian” text better, you can solve MCQs, short answer, long answer and textual questions. 

Chapter 6: On Science Fiction

Summary: The essay,” On Science Fiction” was penned by Isaac Asimov, who was a Russian born American author. 

With this essay, Isaac Asimov stresses on the fact that Science fiction can only be based on the idea that technology and science of today would be different from that of future, probably more advanced. 

He further emphasizes the power of science by stating that people fear and respect science. This could be because Science can provide solutions to the mysteries that surround the universe.

Moreover, he asserts that scientists can utilize the laws of nature to command and influence the powers of human and environment. 

Author of “On Science Fiction”: Isaac Asimov

Theme: Isaac Asimov believes that before the inception of the Science fiction, there should have been some literary background to fulfil a similar emotional need

Type of Questions: Multiple choice questions, one-word answer, and fill in the blanks. 


Chapter 1: Chandalika 

Summary: “Chandalika” is a story written by Rabindranath Tagore. It is a story of a wicked and sensitive girl named, ‘Prakriti’ who is condemned to be of lower caste and is despised by people since birth. She laments over her life and always curses her mother for bringing her into this world. 

However, one day, when she goes to get water from a well, she meets Ananda, who is a follower of Buddha. Exhausted and thirsty, Ananda asks for water from Prakriti. But she tells him that she is untouchable and cannot offer him the water. 

The disciple of Buddha accepts water from Prakriti and tells her not to judge herself just because of the artificial attributes that have been attached to her by society since birth. Rather, she should treat herself from her capacity to love and render service.  

Author of “Chandalika”: Rabindranath Tagore

Theme:  Through this story, Rabindranath Tagore gives the message of equality without discrimination of caste and creed.

Type of Questions: To prepare the NCERT, “Chandalika” chapter, you can get solutions of short answer, long answer and textual questions. 

Chapter 2: Broken Images

Summary: Broken Images by Girish Karnad is a single character story which highlights the fragmentations in the identity of the person. With the story, Girish Karnad asserts the fact that the television screen image of the character is a more honest version of herself as compared to her normal image. 

The author has highlighted that technology has the capability to overpower our relations with ourselves along with the world.

Girish Karnad bluntly exposes the distressing situation that a person's mind can be limited to over years of subdued bitterness. He asserts that it is pretty common in present times wherein the closest relations of people are with digital screens.

Author of “Broken Images”: Girsh Karnad 

Theme:  Through the story, Girish Karnad perfectly showcases that humans are not exactly what they think they are. Instead, they are the skeletons hidden in their closet that clatter unnervingly at most unexpected of times. 

Type of Questions:  To understand the NCERT chapter text better, you can solve short answer questions, long answer and textual questions. 

Benefits of using NCERT Solutions for Class 12 English Kaleidoscope

  • Follow the recent syllabus of the CBSE, thus ensuring reliability and effectiveness
  • Solutions are made available in an easy to language to help students simplify their exam preparation
  • Owing to their easy to grasp nature, these solutions can help you score more marks in the exam
  • These solutions eliminate unnecessary explanations and help students focus primarily on important topics
  • Using English solutions, you can make your exam preparation more interesting and engaging.
  • Each chapter is explained in detail for its topic, which lets you cover the whole syllabus and be extra prepared for the exam


Final Words

English is an often-neglected subject by the students as the majority of them feel that poems and stories can be prepared just a few days before the exam. This, however, is not the right thing to do while approaching for the Board exam. To prepare the subject properly, you need the right study material and the right amount of time. By referring to the Class 12 solutions for Kaleidoscope, you can take your preparation a notch higher and score good marks in the exam.

Frequently Asked Questions

  • What are the chapters the explanations of which are covered in Class 12 English Kaleidoscope textbook solution?

    Since the Class 12 English Kaleidoscope solutions are entirely based upon the textbook of Kaleidoscope, they cover solutions for each chapter in the book. Using the NCERT solutions, you can get easy answers to the questions given in the class textbook.

  • Can I improve my understanding of the complex topics in English by referring to NCERT Solutions?

    The whole objective of Class 12 English Kaleidoscope solutions is to provide the students with an opportunity to learn difficult topics with ease. The explanations for each topic are given in a detailed way to foster a better understanding of the concepts. So yes, you can surely improve your knowledge for difficult topics in the book by using the Goprep’s solutions for English Kaleidoscope book.

  • What are some of the important chapters in Class 12 English Kaleidoscope from exam point of view?

    If you want to score good marks in the Boards of Class 12th, then it is a good idea to study each chapter in the book to cover the whole syllabus. However, there are always few chapters that are always more important than the other. So, in this regard, you can give more importance to chapters such as “I Sell My Dreams”, “Tomorrow”, “A Lecture upon the Shadow”, “Time and Time Again” and “The Argumentative Indian”.