NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Geography

NCERT - India Physical Environment

Indian Physical Environment textbook of Geography for Class 11 help you in understanding the difficult topics like Structure & Physiography, Drainage System, Natural Vegetation, Climate etc. To understand the topics of the subject in a better way, it is important to start your preparation of the subject with NCERT Class 11 textbooks. 

Get answers to the questions of the Indian Physical Environment Class 11 book here with us. You will find the correct answers of the textbook in a well-structured format, which will help you in finding the detailed questions and answers of the Class 11 Geography. The NCERT solutions for Class 11 is easily accessible so that you can browse through different chapters and can select the required one. 

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Formulated by a team of experienced subject mentors, our NCERT solutions for Class 11 Geography provide you with an edge over the rest because India Physical Environment solutions are concise and to the point. Clear your concepts quickly and increase your chances of scoring higher marks in the Class 11 Geography subject. Moreover, get access to our NCERT Class 11 Geography solutions without incurring any cost for the same. 

NCERT Solutions for Class 11 Indian Physical Environment (Chapter-Wise Description)

Chapter 1: India- Location

NCERT Class 11 Indian Physical Environment Chapter 1 deals with the size, longitudes, the mainland of India etc. You will know the implications of vast longitudinal and latitudinal extent. The distance from north to south, east to west and between two latitudes are discussed in the chapter briefly. 

Then, you will learn the size of India and its physical diversity. The comprehensive information related to mountains, rivers, geographical coast, varied resources is further described in this chapter. 

Moving further, another important topic is India and its Neighbouring countries are discussed and explained thoroughly. Also, the physical barrier between the countries is explored towards the end of the chapter with the help of various maps. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Size
  • India and its Neighbours

Chapter 2: Structure and Physiography

Chapter 2 of NCERT Class 11 Indian Physical Movement covers three kinds of geological regions, which are Indo-Ganga Brahmaputra Plain, the Peninsular Block and the Himalayas & Other Peninsular Mountains. 

Then, learn the formation of Peninsular Block and the mountains range along with Peninsular mountains which are young, weak and flexible. Also, based on macro variations, India is divided into six physiographic divisions including Coastal Plains, Northern Plain, Indian Desert, Islands, Peninsular Plateau and Northern & North-Eastern Mountains. 

Later in the chapter, you will study the division of Himalayas into five different mountain ranges. Also, the Peninsular plateau grouped into three categories- the Deccan Plateau, the Central Highlands and the Northeastern Plateau. Then, the concept of the Islands and the Coastal Plains are discussed in the chapter. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • The Peninsular Block
  • The Himalayas and Other Peninsular Mountains
  • Physiography
  • The Northern Plains
  • The Indian Desert
  • The Islands

Chapter 3: Drainage System

A drainage basin is an area drained by a river and its tributaries and the boundary line dividing two drainage basins from each other is known as a watershed. Further, the river basin is the catchment of large rivers. Thus, Class 11 NCERT Indian Physical Environment Chapter 3 deals with the complete drainage system of India. 

Further, the Himalayan Drainage, including Ganga, the Indus, and Brahmaputra River basins is discussed thoroughly. Also, evolution and the River Systems of  the Himalayan Drainage with the drainage system of Ganga, Indus and Brahmaputra are described in this chapter. 

Moreover, this chapter also covers the Peninsular Drainage system consisting of the evolution and the river system of the same. Then, in the latter part of the chapter, know the small rivers flowing towards the west and east, the extent of the usability of river water. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Drainage System of India
  • The River System of the Himalayan Drainage
  • The Peninsular Drainage System
  • Extent of Usability of River Water

Chapter 4: Climate

The changes in the seasons occur due to the changes in the elements of weather, which are temperature, pressure, wind direction, velocity, humidity and precipitation etc. Chapter 4 also discusses the important concepts of unity and diversity in the monsoon climate. 

Then, you will learn the various factors determining the climate of India, which are categorized into two groups- factors related to location and relief, factors related to air pressure and wind. Also, know the different mechanism of weather in winter and summer seasons in this chapter of Class 11 NCERT Geography. 

Moving ahead, the nature of Indian monsoon, including topics like the onset of the monsoon, rain-bearing system, and rainfall distribution are explored. Also, the rhythm of seasons covering the four seasons, i.e. the cold-weather season, the hot weather season, the southwest monsoon season, and retreating monsoon season are provided in this chapter. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Unity and Diversity in the Monsoon Climate
  • Factors Determining the Climate of India
  • The Nature of Indian Monsoon
  • Seasons
  • Traditional Indian Seasons
  • Global Warming

Chapter 5: Natural Vegetation

In chapter 5, you will study the kinds of Indian forests which are divided on the basis of predominant vegetation types and climatic regions. The types of forests are Tropical Evergreen and Semi, Evergreen forests, Tropical Deciduous forests, Tropical Thorn forests, Montane forests, and Littoral and Swamp forests.

As per the records, the forest area cover 23.28 percent of the total land area of the country. Also, different ways of conserving the forests are provided in this chapter, such as Social Forestry, Farm Forestry, etc. Apart from this, the concept of wildlife is discussed thoroughly in this lesson. 

Later on, important topics like wildlife conservation in India, biosphere reserves are explored. You will study four different types of Biosphere Reserves in this chapter, which are  Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, Nanda Devi Biosphere Reserve, Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve and Sunderbans Biosphere Reserve. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Types of Forests
  • Forests Cover in India
  • Forest Conservation
  • Wildlife
  • Biosphere Reserves

Chapter 6: Soils

The important substance which supports trees, crops, grasses over the Earth’s surface is soil. This chapter deals with the major concept of soils and the classification of soils. The landforms, climate realms, vegetation types, relief features contributed to the development of various types of soils in India. 

Based on colour, composition, location, genesis, in India soils are classified into Black Soils, Arid Soils, Alluvial Soils, Red and Yellow Soils, Saline Soils, Forest Soils, Peaty Soils, Laterite Soils. You will learn thoroughly about all these soils in this chapter. 

The methodology to maintain soil fertility, prevent soil erosion and improve the degraded condition of the soil is termed as the soil conservation. The declining of soil fertility is called soil degradation and destruction of soil cover is described as soil erosion. Further, to have crystal clear concepts, you are advised to solve the questions provided at the end of the Class 11 NCERT Geography book.  

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Classification of Soils
  • Soil Degradation
  • Soil Erosion
  • Soil Conservation

Chapter 7: Natural Hazards and Disasters

Chapter 7 focuses on the changes that are occurring in the environment and are named as disasters. Then, you will study the classification of natural disasters, which can be classified into four categories. 

Moving ahead, natural disasters in India are discussed thoroughly. These disasters are- Earthquakes, Tsunami, Tropical Cyclone, Floods, Droughts, Landslides, etc. You will learn their types, reasons for occurrence, ways to protect yourself, among others. 

In the concluding part of the chapter, understand the concept of disaster management. Also, know that disasters can be natural or the result of human activities. You will explore the meaning of mitigation and preparedness and the three stages of the same. 

List of Topics in the Chapter

  • Classification of Natural Disasters
  • Natural Disasters and Hazards in India
  • Disaster Management

Advantages of Using Geography-India Physical Environment Solutions for Class 11

  • NCERT solutions for Class 11 are drafted by experienced subject experts who have strong mastery over the Geography subject.
  • The answers to the questions are provided in a concise and accurate manner and detailed format.
  • The solutions cover the complete syllabus of the Class 11 Geography prescribed by CBSE
  • The simple language of the NCERT solutions provided by us matches the understanding level of the students.
  • Geography-Indian Physical Environment Solutions for Class 11 are available at free of cost.


Where do I get the Solutions for NCERT Class 11 Geography- Indian Physical Environment?

You will be able to find all the answers to the questions of the NCERT Class 11 Geography-Indian Physical Environment textbook here. Our team of expert subject teachers have framed these NCERT solutions to help you in better understanding of the concepts of the topics. 

Created after considering the latest official syllabus of the exam, we have prepared the solutions in a simple to understand language which will help you in fetching more marks in the examination.

What steps are to get 100% marks in Geography-India Physical Environment Class 11? 

Being a challenging subject of Class 11, Geography is considered a tough one because of the vast syllabus. Here are some of the important steps which you need to follow to score well in the subject. Here are important tips:

  •  The first step to score well in the Geography -India Physical Environment Class 11 is to start your preparation with NCERT books only. 
  • Understand the concepts of the topics from the NCERT book prescribed by CBSE. 
  • Then move to solving part of the questions and solve all the questions of the NCERT textbook. 
  • Further, you must devote your time in solving previous year question papers and sample papers.
  • Be consistent with practice and attempt maps section as much as you can.

Is the NCERT Geography-Indian Physical Environment Class 11 book sufficient for preparing for the exams?

Yes, the NCERT book for the same is enough for you to score well in the Geography-India Physical Environment Class 11 exams. NCERT gives the basic concept for you to understand the subject thoroughly. You can get a hold of the topics by referring to NCERT books. 

How the NCERT Geography- India Physical Environment Class 11 solutions helpful in preparing for the Class 11 exams?

Developed by an expert team of subject teachers, the NCERT solutions are sure to help you in preparing for the exams. The perfect and organized solutions are prepared in accordance with the latest official syllabus of the CBSE. Comprehending the topics of the subject will become easy for you with the help of the simple language of the solutions. 

You will be able to find with us the complete set of questions-answers of the NCERT books and all the answers in a short, accurate and concise manner. The chapter-wise NCERT solutions for Class 11 provided by our team is easily accessible for you without incurring any cost. 

How many books are in the Geography of Class 11?

There are two books for Class 11 Geography in CBSE board which are:

  • India Physical Environment
  • Fundamentals of Physical Geography

Both these essential books are prescribed by CBSE for the students of Class 11.

Final Words

The syllabus of Class 11 Geography is extensive, and it requires thorough preparation to score good marks in the exam. To prepare effectively for the exam, you should have a basic knowledge of important questions and topics. So, merely studying with NCERT Class 11 Geography books will not help you much. Hence, it is recommended to refer to NCERT Geography- India Physical Environment Solutions for Class 11 and practice complete comprehensive solutions to achieve excellent marks in the exams.