Q. 34.0( 4 Votes )
Natural vegetation depends upon the climate of the place. Write different kinds of forests and climatic conditions of their existence?
The different types of forests are Tropical Rain Forest, Tropical Deciduous and Thorn Forest.
TROPICAL RAINFOREST: The tropical rainforest is the forest that exists in the areas of Tropical rainforest climate. They are found in the equatorial zone between the Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn. They have three major climatic parameters- temperature, rainfall season intensity. Other factors that affect this type of rainforest are solar radiation, nitrogen available carbon dioxide concentration. The weather is warm and there is high annual rainfall. This makes it the moistest area. They are also classified on the basis of rainfall they receive each year. The true tropical forest has an annual rainfall greater than 2 mm while the other lowland tropical forest has a rain for lesser than this.
TROPICAL DECIDUOUS FOREST: The tropical deciduous rainforest is also called tropical dry forest, monsoon forest, vine scrub, and dry rainforest. They are located in the tropical and subtropical latitude. They mostly occur in climates that are warm all over the year, yet there are a few forests that are dry in nature that can last several months. But this Peculiar feature is dependent on the geographical location of the forest. Since the trees do not have any moisture they tend to shed their leaves. Hence they are called a deciduous forest. They mostly exist in the North and South areas of the Tropical rainforest belt. The driest forest in the world is in southern Mexico and the Bolivian areas. They receive a high amount of rainfall more than 1000 mm per year but with a specific dry season
THORN FOREST: A thorn forest is a forest which is dense in nature, along with a dry subtropical and warm temperate area. It receives an annual rainfall of 250 mm to 500 mm. The trees are maximum of 10 M or 33 feet in height. The trees species of Acacia and Boabab is found here. They also have low shrubs and grasses. It covers a large part of southwestern North America, southwestern Africa and smaller areas in Africa, South America, and Australia.
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