Q. 143.7( 3 Votes )

Name two indigenous and two exotic breeds of poultry. Write a note on egg production and broiler production.

Answer :

Indigenous breeds - Aseel, chittagong


Exotic breeds - Plymouth & Red island


Backyard poultry production - It is at the subsistence level of farming. Birds live free range and hatch their own eggs. Their diet is supplemented with crop waste or food leftovers. The labour involved in backyard poultry production is part-time.


Farm flock production- It is slightly more specialized. Eggs are hatched at a separate location where the hatch and the sexing of the birds are controlled.


Commercial poultry farm production involves full-time labour and is geared toward producing on a sufficient scale for the sale of both eggs and poultry meat.


Specialized egg production -It consists of separating poultry for meat and egg production. In the egg producing plant, specialized employees oversee specific aspects of egg production.


Integrated egg production - It is the most advanced enterprise and involves full mechanization and automation of the egg production cycle including battery egg laying, temperature controls, scientific feeding and mechanized egg collection methods.


Broiler production - Broilers are the most preferred ones under poultry meat category. Many Private companies are involved with farmers in contract farming for broiler production. So marketing is no longer a problem. A broiler is a young chicken of below eight weeks of age, weighing 1.5 to 2 kgs body weight, with tender and soft meat.


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