Answer :

These were the problems that are faced by India on the eve of independence:

1) Rehabilitation of a large number of refugees- As a result of partition, eight million refugees had come into the country from Pakistan. Indian leaders had to take care of these people's basic needs like food, shelter and job
2) Assimilation of princely states- Second, the problem was of the princely states, almost 500 of them, each ruled by a Maharaja or a Nawab, each of them had to be persuaded to join the new nation.

3) To ensure the unity and diversity of the country- In the longer term, the new nation had to embrace a political system that would best serve the hopes and expectations of its population which can only be done through the democratic form of government

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