Name the three major functional regions of cells. Briefly mention the components of each and explain the function of each.
- It provides mechanical strength to the cell by exerting turgor pressure against the cell's membrane thus maintaining the shape of the cell.
- It is the place for the functioning of most regulatory activities like metabolism, cell division, and protein synthesis within the cell.
- The cytoplasm contains organelles called ribosomes which do protein synthesis.
It controls gene expression and facilitates the replication of DNA during the cell.
It controls the metabolic reactions within the cell by producing mRNA which codes for enzymes.
It is also the site for ribosomal RNA (rRNA) synthesis, which assemble as ribosomes in cytoplasm. They are important for translation of proteins.
It is responsible for the transfer of characters from parent to offspring via genetic material (DNA) present inside the nucleus.
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