Q. 3

Name the three challenges faced by a democracy. Explain ‘the challenge of deepening of democracy’ by stating three points. (CBSE 2012)

Answer :

The three challenges faced by a democracy:

1. Foundational challenge

2. Challenge of expansion

3. Challenge of deepening of democracy

The Challenge of deepening of democracy:

i. Strengthen institutions of democracy so that people’s participation is increased in the running of a country. The institutions should enable the people to realise their aspirations.

ii. Strengthen practices of democracy so that justice can be given to everyone and people have a way to realise their expectations.

iii. Challenge takes different meanings and paths in different countries. However, there is need of reducing the control in the hands of powerful and rich people so that everyone gets a say.


Every country faces the challenge of deepening of democracy in one form or the other because an ideal democracy is impractical. But every democracy should be strong enough to give people and communities a chance to better governance. For this, the institutions and practices of democracy should be well in place. The decisions should not be in the hands of the powerful and wealthy only.

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