Q. 85.0( 1 Vote )

Name the male and female sex hormones. List out their functions.

Answer :

Male sex hormone- Testosterone is the male sex hormone secreted by the leydig cells of the testis.

The function of testosterone-


● It is responsible for the masculine characteristics.


● It stimulates the growth of male reproductive organs- There is enlargement of penis, scrotum, and testis.


● It also regulates the formation of sperms.


● It is also responsible for the excessive body hair growth in the men.


● The characteristic thick skin that men have lacking softness is due to this hormone only.


● The low pitch voice that males have is also due to this hormone.


Female sex hormones- Oestrogen and progesterone are two female sex hormones secreted by the ovary.


Functions of oestrogen-


● It causes the growth of the female reproductive organs- There is growth in the size of the uterus, vagina, and fallopian tubes. etc.


● It is also responsible for the growth of the breasts.


● It is responsible for the feminine characteristics.


● It is responsible for the pubic and axillary hair growth in females and does not cause dense hair growth as males have.


● It is responsible for the soft skin of women.


● It is also responsible for the high pitch voice in females.


Functions of Progesterone-


● It also regulates the growth of the breasts in females.


● It helps in regulation of the menstrual cycle in females.


● It also helps in maintaining pregnancy in females.


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