Q. 53.7( 7 Votes )
Name the fundamental unit of kidney. Why is it called so?
The basic functional and filtration unit of a kidney is called a nephron. It is composed of renal corpuscle (Bowman’s capsule + glomerulus) and renal tubules. It is called so because it is actively involved in filtration of blood to produce urine. It removes waste products and excess substances from blood and forms urine.
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