Q. 34.3( 3 Votes )

Name the followin

Answer :

(i) Diabetes mellitus


Explanation: Due to deficiency of insulin hormone excess glucose cannot be converted into glycogen hence excess sugar is excreted in urine. This condition is called as Diabetes mellitus.


Note: Insufficient secretion of insulin causes diabetes mellitus and the condition is known as hyperglycemia due to the high level of sugar in blood.


(ii) Insulin shock


Explanation: Excess secretion of insulin lowers the sugar level in the blood, as a result, the patient may become unconscious and this condition is called insulin shock or hypoglycemia.


Note: During this condition a prompt bite of sweet (eg. candy or sweet biscuit) is helpful, this raises the sugar level in blood thus equalizing the level of insulin.


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