Q. 4 C5.0( 2 Votes )

Give short answers:

Name the countries that produce cotton on a large scale.

Answer :

The crops grown for the extraction of fibres from them are the fibre crops. Before the introduction of synthetic fibres, they were highly used for many purposes. The large quantities of cellulose found in them give them the strength, thus making them ideal for their use in making paper, clothes, and ropes. Cotton, jute, and bamboo are some fibre crops.

Cotton is an important fibre crop that grows in the tropical and the sub-tropical region. Cotton is predominantly a shrub. It is an important component of the textile industry throughout the world, and cotton fabrics are always in high demand. A hot, humid and moist condition is required for the excellent growth of the crop. It requires in the regions having temperatures ranging between 20 ̊ - 30 ̊ and an excellent rainfall of 50-100 cm. It gives the best yield in the black and alluvial soil that contains a high composition of phosphorus, ammonia and other components as a result of the constant deposition and settlement of soil.

The important producers of cotton in the world are USA, Uzbekistan, Brazil, and Pakistan. Cotton cultivation is mainly found in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, and parts of Rajasthan of India.

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