Q. 224.0( 9 Votes )

Name different types of vegetation found in India and describe the vegetation of high altitudes.

Answer :

The area of vegetation of high altitudes in India are:

(i) Tropical evergreen forests have a luxuriant vegetation of all kinds- trees, shrubs, and creepers giving it a multilayered structure.

(ii) Tropical deciduous forests are dry deciduous forests which are found in areas having rainfall between 100 cm and 70 cm. These forests are found in the rainier parts of the peninsular plateau and the plains of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. There are open stretches in which Teak, Sal, Peepal, Neem grow. A large part of this region has been cleared for cultivation and some parts are used for grazing.

(iii) The thorn forests and shrubs are the regions in which the natural vegetation consists of thorny trees and bushes. This kind of vegetation is found in the north-western part of the country including semi-arid areas of Gujarat, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttar Pradesh and Haryana.

(iv) Temperate forests with grassland are common at higher elevations, these are generally more than 3,600 meters above sea-level, temperate forests and grasslands give way to the Alpine vegetation. However, they get progressively stunted as they approach the snow-line. Through shrubs and scrubs, they merge into Alpine grasslands. At higher altitudes, mosses and lichens form part of tundra vegetation.

Different types of vegetation found in India:

(i) Tropical rain vegetation.

(ii) Tropical deciduous vegetation

(iii) Thorn forests and scrubs

(iii) Alpine and Tundra vegetation

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