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Answer :

AIDS stand for Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome. Its causative agent is HIV virus [Human Immuno deficiency Virus]. This virus was discovered in 1986 by Dr. Monteniere and Dr. Gallo. A patient with AIDS loses his immune power so get infected by various disease causing germs. WHO has started worldwide AIDS control programme. NACO was started in India in 1987.


Causes of getting infected by this virus are-


a) Mother to child during pregnancy.


b) Contaminated blood transfusion.


c) Shared injection needles.


Various programmes are organized by Organisations both government and non-profit to make people aware of this virus, how to take preventive measures to avoid this infection.


Some preventive measures include-


a) Checking of blood for HIV virus before transfusion.


b) Use of disposable syringes and needles.


c) A woman should be tested for HIV before getting pregnant.


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