Minerals are unevenly distributed in India due to a variety of geological and geographical factors. Such factors are variation in geological structures, geological processes, differences in time required in formation of minerals and also because of the topography of a particular region. For example in the peninsular parts of India mainly coal along with the metallic and non-metallic minerals are found. Petroleum deposits are found in Assam and Gujarat and also across coast of Mumbai. In the western and eastern sides of the peninsula, there are mainly the deposits of sedimentary rocks. Rajasthan has got good deposits of non-ferrous minerals. But the alluvial plains of India, like in the Gangetic plains, not minerals are not found in much abundance.
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