Types of election:
1. Direct elections: The citizens vote themselves to elect their representatives. Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assembly members are elected through direct elections.
2. Indirect elections: The representatives of the people elect a person. People are not directly involved. Members of Rajya Sabha, President and Vice-President are elected through indirect elections.
Other types of election include by-elections and mid-term polls which are conducted in special circumstances:
3. By-elections: It happens in the case of death or resignation of an elected member. Elections are held in that particular constituency for the empty seat.
4. Mid-term polls: If the Parliament or a state legislature is dissolved for some reason before the end of term, fresh elections are held before 5 years of the term are completed.
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