Answer :

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh (3 November 1688 – 21 September 1743) was the Hindu Rajput ruler of the kingdom of Amber which was later called Jaipur. He was given the title of Sawai by the Mughal Emperor, Aurangzeb in the year 1699. "Sawai" means one and a quarter times superior to his contemporaries. He had a great interest in mathematics, architecture, and astronomy.

• The young king was bright, eager to learn, and socially and politically wise.

• Among his many accomplishments, he founded the city of Jaipur which bears his name.

• Jai Singh's greatest achievement was the construction of Jaipur city (known originally as Jainagara)

• jai Singh’s chief astronomer, Jagannatha was a major influence in the design of the Jantar Mantar, and the two men remained lifelong friends.

• ‘Jantar Mantar’, in Sanskrit roughly translates to ‘The Formula of Instruments’.

• In the early 1700s, when Jai Singh visualized of his ambitious observatory project, the telescope had been in use by astronomers in Europe for over 100 years.

• Jantar Mantar is located in the modern city of New Delhi. It consists of 13 architectural astronomy instruments.

• He chose naked eye observation as the basis for his observatories. According to him, Observation of natural phenomena, including the movement of stars and planets became a part of the Hindu’s worldview and part of our culture.

• Jai Singh opened his observatories to the public in order to popularize astronomy

• Astronomers were invited to his court for study and discussions

• In the political instability of his times, it was essential to maintain good standing with the seat of power in Delhi so that he had to erect these monumental structures.

For numerous achievements, Sawai Jai Singh II is remembered as the most enlightened king of 18th-century.

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